Nikitenko Viktor Nikolaevich
doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor. Head. lab. regional social and humanitarian researches
Russia, Institute of Complex Analysis of Regional Problems, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The dynamics of complex systems occurs either under the influence of management, or by self-organization. In the first case a general theory of control (cybernetics) serves as its theoretical basis, and in the second - the theory of self- organizing systems (synergetics). In the article we discuss these theories interrelation. The analysis is carried out on the example of education which is considered not only as a social and pedagogical phenomenon, but as a continuous process of changing patterns of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. The philosophy of determinism and behaviorism serves as a methodological basis for the education management analysis. Self-organization is considered from the standpoint of synergetics, that is, a phenomenon is understood as a development caused by the interaction of system components. Self-organization is connected with a combined operation of the system components, too. Education occurs simultaneously under and due to its spontaneous interactions with natural and social environments. Public education has a significant impact on the noosphere and on local and global changes in the society and nature.
education, system, synergy, cybernetics, self-organization, management.
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