New climate policy in Europe and the USA: Impact on global climate governance
Korabayev Kazbek Beysembayevich
Doctoral student DBA, PhD, Department of Business Administration, Department of Doctoral Programs
Kazakhstan, Almaty Management University, Graduate School of Business
Since the second half of 2020 and the beginning of 2021, Europe and the United States have been pursuing a new positive climate policy, putting climate change at the forefront of their internal affairs and diplomacy. Both the European Union and the United States will increase their nationally determined contributions to emissions reduction in 2030. Commit to achieving zero net emissions by 2050, as well as implementing large-scale economic stimulus plans. They are trying to turn economic recovery measures in response to the new coronavirus epidemic into an important opportunity to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy. New climate agreements in Europe and America have given a powerful impetus to the process of global climate governance, restored political momentum, contributed to global environmental recovery, intensified efforts to reduce global emissions and contributed to the transition of global climate governance to a new era of actively achieving the goal of "carbon neutrality". This further enhanced the integrity and effectiveness of the Paris Agreement and laid a relatively good political foundation for its smooth implementation. However, European and American new climate agreements are subject to the shackles of their respective domestic policies. Their commitment to reducing emissions, as well as the financial and technical climate assistance they provide, is still far from their responsibility in global climate governance. They are also influenced by the selfishness of their strategic goals, as a result of which the aggravation of geopolitical competition and other factors limit its influence to a certain extent.
global climate governance; new climate policy in Europe and the USA; global ecological restoration; Paris Agreement
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