New climate policy in Europe and the USA: Impact on global climate governance

Authors


Doctoral student DBA, PhD, Department of Business Administration, Department of Doctoral Programs
Kazakhstan, Almaty Management University, Graduate School of Business
[email protected]

Abstract

Since the second half of 2020 and the beginning of 2021, Europe and the United States have been pursuing a new positive climate policy, putting climate change at the forefront of their internal affairs and diplomacy. Both the European Union and the United States will increase their nationally determined contributions to emissions reduction in 2030. Commit to achieving zero net emissions by 2050, as well as implementing large-scale economic stimulus plans. They are trying to turn economic recovery measures in response to the new coronavirus epidemic into an important opportunity to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy. New climate agreements in Europe and America have given a powerful impetus to the process of global climate governance, restored political momentum, contributed to global environmental recovery, intensified efforts to reduce global emissions and contributed to the transition of global climate governance to a new era of actively achieving the goal of "carbon neutrality". This further enhanced the integrity and effectiveness of the Paris Agreement and laid a relatively good political foundation for its smooth implementation. However, European and American new climate agreements are subject to the shackles of their respective domestic policies. Their commitment to reducing emissions, as well as the financial and technical climate assistance they provide, is still far from their responsibility in global climate governance. They are also influenced by the selfishness of their strategic goals, as a result of which the aggravation of geopolitical competition and other factors limit its influence to a certain extent.

Keywords

global climate governance; new climate policy in Europe and the USA; global ecological restoration; Paris Agreement

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Read also

Suggested citation

Korabayev Kazbek Beysembayevich
New climate policy in Europe and the USA: Impact on global climate governance// Modern Management Technology. ISSN 2226-9339. – #3 (96). Art. # 9613. Date issued: . Available at: https://sovman.ru/en/article/9613/

Full article text is available only in Russian.
Please select from the menu Russian language and continue reading.


References

  1. Anthony Froggatt, “2021: A ‘Super Year’for Climate and Environment Action, ”Chatham House, March 22, 2021, https: // www.chathamhouse.org/ 2021/03/2021-super-year-climate-and-environment-action, May 10, 2021.
  2. Antony Froggatt and Daniel Quiggin, “China, EU and US Cooperation on Climate and Energy: An Ever-changing Relationship,” Research Paper, Chatham House, March 2021.
  3. Bob Perciasepe, “A net-zero by 2050 commitment needs an aggressive interim target,” Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, April 14, 2021, https: //www.c2es.org/2021/04/a-net-zero-by-2050-commitment-needs-an-aggressive-interim-target/, May 10, 2021.
  4. Climate Action Tracker, “CAT Climate Target Update Tracker: EU,” December 18, 2020, https: // climateactiontracker.org/climate-target-update-tracker/eu/, May 10, 2021.
  5. Climate Action Tracker, “CAT Climate Target Update Tracker: USA,” April 23, 2021, https://climateactiontracker.org/climate-target-update-tracker/usa/, May 10, 2021.
  6. Climate Action Tracker, “Climate Summit Momentum: Paris Commitments Improved Warming Estimate to 2.4℃,” May 4, 2021, https://climateactiontracker.org/documents/853/CAT_2021-05-04_Briefing_Global-Update_ Climate-Summit-Momentum.pdf, May 10, 2021.
  7. Climate Action Tracker, “To Show Climate Leadership, US 2030 Target Should Be At Least 57% – 63%,” March 2021, https: // climateactiontracker.org/ documents/846/2021_03_CAT_1.5C-consistent_US_NDC.pdf, May 10, 2021.
  8. COP26: EU helps deliver outcome to keep the Paris Agreement targets alive, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/ presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_6021, Nov 13, 2021.
  9. European Commission, “International Climate Finance,” https: // ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/ finance_en, May 15, 2021.
  10. European Commission, “International Platform on Sustainable Finance,” October 16, 2020, https: // ec.europa.eu/info/business-economy-euro/banking-and-finance/ sustainable-finance/international-platform-sustainable-finance_en, June 22, 2021.
  11. European Commission, The European Green Deal, COM (2019) 640 final, Brussels, December 11, 2019.
  12. European Council “Special Meeting of the European Council (17, 18, 19, 20 and 21 July 2020), ”July 21, 2020, https: // consilium.europa.eu/media/45109/ 210720-euro-final-conclusions-en.pdf, May 10, 2021.
  13. Fred Shaia and Jeff D Colgan, Presidential Climate Action on Day One: A Foreign-Policy Guide for the Next President, Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs at Brown University, October 2020.
  14. pdf, May 23, 2021.
  15. International Energy Agency, Net Zero by 2050: A Roadmap for Global Energy Sector, May 18, 2021, p.30. https: ∥blob.core.windows.net/assets/ ad0d4830-bd7e-47b6-838c-40d115733c13/NetZeroby2050-ARoadmapforthe
  16. IPCC, “Climate Change Widespread, Rapid, and Intensifying – IPCC,” August 9, 2021, https: // ipcc.ch/2021/08/09/ar6-wg1-20210809-pr/, August 14, 2021.
  17. OECD, Climate Finance Provided and Mobilised by Developed Countries in 2013 – 18, OECD Publishing, Paris, November 6, 2020, https: // doi.org/10.1787/f0773d55-en, May 15, 2021.
  18. Simon Schunz, “Towards A ‘Transatlantic Green Deal’? How the EU Reengage the United States on Climate Change,” College of Europe Policy Brief, No. 8, December 2020.
  19. The Biden Plan for a Clean Energy Revolution and Environmental Justice, July 12, 2020, https: // joebiden.com/climate-plan/#, April 26, 2021.
  20. The White House, “Executive Summary: U.S. International Climate Finance Plan,” April 22, 2021, https: // www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements- releases/2021/04/22/executive-summary-u-s-international-climate-finance-plan/, April 26, 2021.
  21. The White House, “Fact Sheet: The American Jobs Plan,” March 31, 2021, https: // www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/03/31/fact- sheet-the-american-jobs-plan /, April 26, 2021.
  22. The White House, “U.S.-EU Summit Statement,” June 15, 2021, https: // www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/ statements-releases/2021/06/15/u-s-eu- summit-statement/, June 17, 2021.
  23. UN Environment Programme, Emissions Gap Report 2020, Nairobi, UN Environment Programme, 2020.
  24. UNFCCC, “Climate Ambition Builds at Leaders Summit on Earth Day,” April 26, 2021, https: // unfccc.int/ news/climate-ambition-builds-at-leaders-summit-on- earth-day, May 10, 2021.
  25. Taryn Fransen, David Waskow, Joe Thwaites, Frances Seymour and Yamide Dagnet, “Leaders Summit on Climate Offers Jolt of Momentum for Global Action,” World Resource Institute, April 23, 2021, https: // www.wri.org/insights/ leaders-summit-climate-offers-jolt-momentum-global-action, May 10, 2021.
  26. UNFCCC, “Patricia Espinosa: This Year Is Crucial for the Future of Humanity,” April 26, 2021, https: // unfccc.int/news/patricia-espinosa-this-year-is-crucial-for- the-future-of-humanity, May 10, 2021.