Главная страница » Публикации » 2020 » #3 (93) » The problem of optimal inequality

The problem of optimal inequality

The problem of optimal inequality


No items found


The article provides an overview of modern publications on the problem of social inequality. On the one hand, social equality (especially in post-socialist countries) is perceived as a desirable ideal. On the other hand, everyone understands that people are unequal both by nature (genetically) and by their activity, and they need incentives to work. But how great should this inequality be? History teaches that many societies have been destroyed by social tensions caused by too much inequality. Consequently (and ancient thinkers agreed with this), there is a certain level of inequality that is optimal for the life of society. The problem is to establish this level. But for this you need, firstly, to learn how to measure it and, secondly, using this measure, explore enough different communities to understand what level of inequality is optimal. The third important condition is to accept the correct criterion of optimality; today it is the rate of economic growth (because the advantage in the rate of growth makes the community richer than others in a historically short time). Modern economics is in a unique situation: never in history has there been such accurate information about inequality and the economic situation in so many countries and regions. An analytical review of the existing literature is the first step towards solving the optimal inequality problem.

Ключевые слова

social inequality, economic development, social institutions, modeling, human capital.


The article was prepared within the framework of the state assignment of the KarRC RAS on the topic “Institutions and social inequality in the context of global challenges and regional restrictions”.

Рекомендуемая ссылка

No items found. The problem of optimal inequality // Современные технологии управления. ISSN 2226-9339. — #3 (93). Номер статьи: 9309. Дата публикации: 26.10.2020. Режим доступа: https://sovman.ru/en/article/the-problem-of-optimal-inequality/


No items found



Suggested citation

No items found. // Modern Management Technology. ISSN 2226-9339. — #3 (93). Art. #  9309. Date issued: 26.10.2020. Available at: https://sovman.ru/en/article/the-problem-of-optimal-inequality/

Only Russian

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Читайте также

Библиографический список

  1. Dialogue “Gorgias” [Dialog “Gorgiy”]// Plato. Works in four volumes. T. 1. – SPb .: Publishing house of St. Petersburg. un-that; “Publishing house of Oleg Abyshko”, 2006. p. 261-374.
  2. Aristotel’. Great ethics [Bol’shaya etika]// Aristotle. Works: In 4 volumes. T. 4. – M .: Mysl ‘, 1983. p. 295-374.
  3. Sorokin P.A. Man. Civilization. Society. Thinkers of the XX century [Chelovek. Tsivilizatsiya. Obshchestvo. Mysliteli XX veka]/ P.A. Sorokin; under total. ed. Sogomonova A.Yu. – M.: Politizdat, 1992 .– 340 p.
  4. David Castells-Quintana, Vicente Royuela. Agglomeration, inequality and economic growth // T he annals of regional science (2014) 52:343–366. doi 10.1007/S00168-014-0589-1.
  5. Joanna Alexopoulos, Tiago V. Cavalcanti. Cheap home goods and persistent inequality // Economic Theory, vol. 45(3), 2010. pp. 417-451, December. Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET). DOI 10.1007/s00199-009-0495-4.
  6. Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong. Corruption, economic growth, and income inequality in Africa // Economic of Governance. (2002) 3: 183–209.
  7. Ying Wu, Hong Yao. Income Inequality, State Ownership, and the Pattern of Economic Growth – A Tale of the Kuznets Curve for China since 1978 // Atlantic Economic Journal, vol. 43(2), pp. 165-180. DOI 10.1007/s11293-015-9451-9.
  8. Khandakar Qudrat-I Elahi. Economic Inequality and Paretian Welfare Economics: Some Insinuating Questions // Forum for Social Economics, Volume 35, Issue 1, Fall 2005. pp. 19-36.
  9. François Bourguignon, Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Michael Walton. Equity, efficiency and inequality traps: A research agenda // The Journal of Economic Inequality, (2007) 5(2), pp. 235–256. doi:10.1007/s10888-006-9042-8.
  10. Sehrawat, M., Giri, A.K. The impact of financial development, economic growth, income inequality on poverty: evidence from India. Empir Econ 55, 1585–1602 (2018) doi:10.1007/s00181-017-1321-7.
  11. Mizuno, N., Naito, K. & Okazawa, R. Inequality, extractive institutions, and growth in nondemocratic regimes. Public Choice 170, 115–142 (2017). doi:10.1007/s11127-016-0387-7.
  12. Woojin Lee, John E. Roemer. Income Distribution, Redistributive Politics, and Economic Growth // Journal of Economic Growth, 3: 217–240. (September 1998).
  13. Rodríguez-Pose, A. & Tselios, V. Inequalities in income and education and regional economic growth in western Europe // The Annals of Regional Science (2010) 44: 349-375. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-008-0267-2.
  14. Dmitry Ryvkin, Anastasia Semykina. An experimental study of democracy breakdown, income and inequality // Experimental Economics (2017) 20:420–447. DOI 10.1007/s10683-016-9490-3.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top