Modern approaches to motivation at sea transport as an element of human resources management

Authors


PhD (Psychology), Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Humanitarian Sciences and Psychology
Russia, Astrakhan State Technical University
[email protected]


Ph.D. (Eng) assistant professor, Professor of the Department of Economics and Management in Water Transport
Russia, Caspian Institute of Sea and River Transport named after General-Admiral F.M. Apraksin - a branch of the Volga State University of Water Transport
[email protected]


Ph.D. (Econ) assistant professor Professor of the Department of Economics and Management in Water Transport
Russia, Caspian Institute of Sea and River Transport named after General-Admiral F.M. Apraksin - a branch of the Volga State University of Water Transport
[email protected]


Dr. Sci. professor, director
Republic of Belarus, Belarusian-Uzbek Interdisciplinary Institute of Applied Technical Qualifications, Belarusian National Technical University
[email protected]

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the development of motivational approaches as a means of influencing on workers employed in sea transport. The aim is to increase the overall efficiency of the ship's crew. It is noted that the profit of any ship's crew directly depends on the employees, and on their full commitment to work. So, the ship's authorities should understand that achieving the desired result will be impossible without stimulation of the employees’ work.
Various approaches to the definition of the concept of motivation are analyzed. It is concluded that modern authors do not have a common opinion about the concept of motivation. Each of them has its own vision and interpretation of this definition but they all characterize motivation as an incentive person to activity. It is emphasized that the Master should know that the correct identification of the current needs and motivation of the ship's crew determines the effectiveness of programs and measures aimed at stimulating the crew. Therefore, all this ensures the productivity of their activities.
The theory by V.I. Gerchikov is proposed for use in the work of ship crews. Five types of labor motivation determine the main issues of his theory: instrumental, professional, bossy, patriotic, and avoidance (lumpenized) ones.
The article shows that the management of a ship's crew should be aimed at ensuring and maintaining optimal living conditions for its members in the process of their labor, social, domestic, and interpersonal relationships, taking into account personal qualities and characteristics of work at sea.

Keywords

Motivation of personnel, stimulation of employees’ work, ship’s crew, productivity of activity, formation of motivation, typological model of motivation, interpersonal relations.

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Busurina Larisa Yurievna , Kharchenko Olga Alexandrovna , Shumovskaya Natalia Evgenievna , Gancherenok Igor Ivanovich
Modern approaches to motivation at sea transport as an element of human resources management// Modern Management Technology. ISSN 2226-9339. – #3 (96). Art. # 9609. Date issued: . Available at: https://sovman.ru/en/article/9609/

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