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Категория: Industrial Organization

Management of industrial production (fuel-energy, machine-building, metallurgical and other complexes of the national economy)
Construction management
Management of communication, information and other services
Transport and utilities management

Gas oil sector by Industry 4.0.: transfer to renewable energy sources and digitalization results

Харланов Алексей Сергеевич

The energy industry is undergoing qualitative changes that have far-reaching implications for the global energy sector and its key players, including oil and coal companies and non-renewable energy exporting countries. However, it is impossible to accurately predict the speed of the transition. In addition, it is difficult to determine what the final energy balance will be, as the outcome of the transition is likely to depend on the region. For Russia, this topic is all the more relevant since the importing countries of its oil and gas are at the same time pioneers in the digital transformation of the industry and the transition to renewable sources, which creates additional economic and foreign policy risks. The study provides an overview of the prerequisites and benefits of switching to renewable energy sources from an environmental, economic and technological point of view. The essence and content of digital transformation in the context of achieving the UN sustainable development goals and the Paris Climate Agreement are characterized. The concept of the “fourth energy transition” by Vaclav Smil is considered as the most important strategy for the development of modern energy and adaptation to the challenges of an unstable world with its uneven and often ineffective access and use of fossil natural resources. The dynamics of world consumption of energy resources (biomass, coal, oil, gas and new renewable sources) from 1860 to the present and for the forecast period until 2040 is analyzed. An increase in the share of unconventional sources is noted. Learning curves describing the economies of scale are considered: a decrease in the cost of generating a kilowatt-hour when increasing energy capacities for solar panels and wind turbines of various designs. Examples of the experience of the largest renewable energy producing countries and cases of successful companies on the digital transformation of modern energy consumption are presented. The state of renewable energy in the Russian Federation is assessed in comparison with world leaders (China, USA). It is concluded that a successful digital transformation of the oil and gas industry is possible only with sufficient economic efficiency of this process, which will require significant investments at the initial stages of the life cycle of digital innovations, but will lead to a more rational distribution of world energy in the long term.

Assessment of the economic safety of peat mining enterprises

Березкина Анастасия Юрьевна, Яконовская Татьяна Борисовна

The article is devoted to the urgent problem of sustainable and economically safe development of enterprises in the peat mining sector of the economy of the Tver region. Despite the fact that peat deposits are widely represented in all regions of Russia, the efficiency of their industrial and economic use is extremely low. The purpose of the study is to determine the characteristics of the assessment and analysis of economic security of an enterprise developing peat deposits. The article discusses the relationship between the concepts of “peat rent” and “economic security”, and also provides an author’s interpretation of their content. The analysis of existing approaches to assessing the economic security of mining enterprises was carried out and the use of the rental approach based on the materials of peat industry enterprises used in this study was justified. An indicator for assessing the economic security of peat production is highlighted. The author has proposed a methodological approach, the feature of which is a comprehensive accounting of technical, economic and natural factors that objectively affect the level of economic security of peat-mining enterprises. The proposed methodological approach also allows you to develop recommendations to increase the flexibility and adaptability of peat-mining enterprises, taking into account the individual conditions of their work. Methodological research tools include the provisions of economic theory, information methods for processing statistical data and economic and mathematical modeling. The methodology was tested on the example of peat-mining enterprises in the Tver region, which have been in a state of protracted economic crisis for quite some time. The conclusions, recommendations and suggestions of the study were used in the development of the regional program "Natural Resources Management and Environmental Protection" for 2017 - 2022 (Decree of the Government of the Tver Region dated December 26, 2016 N 414-pp as amended on February 7, 2020).