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Article abstracts for the last 2 years

 

2022

On the possibility of internship to obtain primary professional skills and abilities of students in the process of holding an exhibition event
Sayapina Larisa Yuryevna

Abstract

The article briefly describes the conceptual idea of an exhibition project that can be built into the vocational guidance activities of the university. Students — future managers, engineers, designers can work in practice to acquire primary professional skills and abilities during the preparation and holding of exhibition events. Students partially or completely form the competencies of the profession in the process of practical creative and career guidance.

Keywords

Organization of an exhibition project, practice for obtaining primary professional skills, the formation of competencies in the profession.


The growth of digital cinemas and platforms as an alternative to television
Machkarina Oksana Yevgenyevna, Gayko Yuliya Vitalyevna

Abstract

The article examines the impact of technological progress on modern reality in the field of information technology development. Using concrete examples, the author shows how the new conditions dictated by the «digital revolution» in the field of cinema are used, how new technologies make the world more accessible to study and comprehension.

Keywords

internet technologies, culture, digital cinemas, online cinemas, media content, alternatives to television.


Ethical and legal aspects of protecting the results of scientific activities in the field of genomic research
Ponomareva Darya Vladimirovna, Barabashev Aleksandr Georgiyevich

Abstract

In this article, the authors consider the ethical and legal aspects of regulating the protection of the results of scientific activity in the newest field of scientific knowledge — genomic research. The objectives of are the research, intercomparison and assessment of models for protecting the results of scientific activities on the example of the European Union, formulating proposals for modernizing the legal regulation of the Russian Federation in the field of protecting the results of scientific activities in the field of genomic research. In this article, the authors analyze the foreign experience of patent protection of the results of scientific activity in the field of genomic research, paying special attention to the problems of judicial practice. Based on the analysis, the authors formulated recommendations for the Russian legislator.

Keywords

genomic research, scientific results, biotechnology, ethics, legal regulation, intellectual property, patent law


Statistical assessment of the composition and structure of objects within the property complexes of enterprises in the Russian Federation
Filippova Tatyana Yakovlevna

Abstract

The results of studies of elements in the composition of property complexes of enterprises in the Russian Federation are presented. The analysis of movable and immovable property of economic entities is given. The trend of the coefficients of retirement and renewal in dynamics is studied, and an estimate of the amount of rent in value terms for leased non-residential buildings, structures, machines and equipment, vehicles of construction organizations as part of the property complex of construction organizations is given.

Keywords

property complex, property complexes of enterprises, elements of the property complex statistical assessment of objects in the composition of property complexes, management of the property complex


Transformation of digital practices during the pandemic
Zakharova Yelena Romanovna

Abstract

Digital transformation is one of the most important factors in the complexity and creative development of the information society in the XXI century. The penetration of digital technologies into almost all spheres of the information society is especially relevant with the establishment of a self-isolation regime associated with the introduction of restrictive measures due to the threat of coronavirus infection. Such changes in the technical basis of society and in the sphere of interaction between people entail the remote nature of communication, which generates the spread of a new form of employment in the labor market – freelancing. The active use of digital technologies in the daily life of society during the months of self-isolation provided safe social interaction, opportunities for the realization of new goals and new incentives for personal growth. The article reviews the concepts of the information society of D. Bell and E. Toffler, examines the digital transformations of the labor and cultural spheres and presents the results of public opinion research on these topics.
Purpose of the work: to explore the phenomenon of freelance activity, to consider digital transformations in the cultural sphere during a pandemic, to analyze the results of a study of public opinion in these areas.

Keywords

digitalization, information society, digital practices, freelancing, freelance activities, digital technologies.


Foreign experience in personnel management (Japan and Sweden). The possibility of applying some methods in Kazakhstan
Kirenko Yuliya Pavlovna, Tleppayev A.M.

Abstract

This work is devoted to the actual problem — personnel management. The features of personnel management in such countries as Japan, Sweden are considered. As a result of the research, the main characteristics of personnel management in these countries were identified. In the course of studying the Japanese management system, it was revealed that the secret of the success of Japanese management, obviously, lies in internal approaches, and these phenomena naturally manifest themselves in interconnection. These factors include: lifetime employment, intra-organizational associations, seniority compensation, training without suspension from work, the establishment of keiretsu between the firm and other alliances inside and outside, the essential importance of government in providing order to industrial activities, to the scale of industrial activities of order, patriotic feeling . Another feature of Japanese personnel management is the system of lifetime employment. The essence of this concept lies in the fact that, along with long-term employment, employees were guaranteed access to the system of in-house training and advanced training, career growth, as well as salary growth according to the degree of increase in work experience. In Kazakhstan, the concept of «lifetime employment» is not applied.
The most important difference between Swedish management and other management styles is that the human role is very important in Sweden. Swedish leaders place less importance on hierarchy. At the same time, as a result of research, 22% of Swedish managers and 75% of Italian managers did not recognize the fact that effective management of labor relations often involves ignoring the hierarchy. The organizational composition of the Swedish model of personnel management, according to Swedish management, is aimed at reducing vertical levels of power. In Sweden, the decision-making process is negotiated and takes a relatively long time, as the staff of Swedish organizations readily expresses their own point of view. In contrast to the Swedish management model, Kazakh enterprises have a high level of uncertainty avoidance. Managers make decisions with little risk, managers are more focused on completing certain tasks. In domestic organizations, Kazakhstani management is also different in that entrepreneurs want to get «everything at once», which leads to unfavorable results in the future.

Keywords

personnel management, Japanese model of personnel management, Swedish model of personnel management, Kazakhstani management.


The structure and dynamics of outsourcing in the regions Eastern Siberia and the Far Eastern Federal District (in the period 2016–2021)
Kriger Alexandra Borisovna, Ivin Vyacheslav Vadimovich

Abstract

This article we presents the results of the analysis of the patterns of development of outsourcing in regions of the Far Eastern Federal District and Eastern Siberia, wish have obtained on the basis of empirical data. We were carried out a comparative analysis of the simulation results for the data which had fixed 2016 and 2021. Based on the results of the analysis of the structural composition of enterprises and methods of correlation and regression analysis, it can be conclude that over the past period of time there have been significant changes both in the structure of the outsourcing market and in the patterns of development. The authors confirmed the conclusion that the use of outsourcing in production activities does not affect gross regional product and volumes of investments in fixed assets. Our results indicate not only the weak introduction of outsourcing into the activities of enterprises and organizations in the Far Eastern Federal District, but also significant changes in the business environment in the context of a global pandemic.

Keywords

outsourcing, applied statistical analysis, investment attractiveness of the region


Overview of current state of the mortgage leaning market in the Russian Federation
Grebennikova Vera Aleksandrovna, Ostapenko Mariya Igorevna

Abstract

The article testifies to the significant function of mortgage housing lending in the conditions of a modern market economy. At the same time, the crisis phenomena caused not only by the economic state of the country under the pressure of sanctions, but also by the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), make significant changes in the course of development of the mortgage lending market in Russia. The article is largely devoted to the situation of mortgage lending for 2021 and the prospects for its development. The analysis of the dynamics of the state of the housing lending market in the Russian Federation is carried out.

Keywords

mortgage lending, mortgage rate, mortgage lending market, credit and financial system, key rate of the Central Bank


ESG factors — risks and opportunities
Safronov Sergey Borisovich

Abstract

The article shows that taking into account the influence of ESG factors in risk management from a position not only as a prevention of threats, but also as a company’s ability to create long-term value becomes more relevant than ever. The most significant factors that can be present in any business as a whole or in part and are potentially able to influence the company to successfully conduct business in the future are given.

Keywords

ESG factors — risks, risk management, long-term value of the company, sustainable business development strategies, risk management system


Argumentation as a Human Resource Management Tool
Tsvetkov Viktor Yakovlevich

Abstract

The article describes the features of argumentation as a tool for human resource management. The difference between human resource management and personnel management is shown. The concept of reasoned communication and the argumentation model are introduced. Four types of argumentation have been studied: logical, communication, formal, cognitive-communicative. The content of each of the four argumentative approaches is revealed. The difference between logical argumentation and communication argumentation is shown. Communication is revealed as the basis of argumentation. For analysis, the concepts of communicant 1 and communicant 2 are introduced. Communicant 1 reflects the position of a leader or teacher. Communicant2 reflects the position of a subordinate employee or student. When managing human resources, three types of communication are used: communication, informing, and impact. The content of these types of communications is disclosed. The content of the types of argumentation is revealed. The article gives a comparison of argumentative approaches. The role and importance of persuasion in argumentation is shown. The article proves that human resource management involves the replacement of coercion with persuasion, which entails the mandatory use of reasoning and argumentation.

Keywords

management, human resource management, argumentation, communication, logical argumentation, communicators, informing, logic, communication argumentation, cognitive argumentation, argumentative approach.


Modern control of readiness of young hockey players
Shishkov Igor Yurievich

Abstract

The article is a continuation of research [13] and considers the issue of modern innovative systems for monitoring the special preparedness of young hockey players aged 7-11. The results of skating tests of groups of initial training and initial specialization at the end of the academic year are compared. On the basis of a large sample of subjects n=106, test results were obtained and the reliability of differences in mean values was determined by Student’s t-test. So, skating 20 meters forward showed significant p ≤ 0.01 differences between 8.9 and 10 year old hockey players, and the “Slalom run with the puck” test between 9 and 10 year old hockey players p ≤ 0.05, 10 and 11 years old p ≤ 0.01.

Keywords

control of preparedness of hockey players, timing system, educational and training process


The evolution of public procurement: from the Russian Empire to the Russian Federation
Medyakova Ekaterina Mikhailovna

Abstract

Serious changes in the structure of economic relations at the beginning of 2022 led to a search for stability, which in transactions for business can be provided by the contract system in the field of Russian public procurement. However, opinions are expressed about the alienness of this system to the principles of domestic relations in the state order. The author conducted a retrospective analysis of the state order management and identified those elements that evolutionarily led to the formation of the contract system of the 2022 model. The historical and review material on the systematic transformation of the state order institution in the aspect of organizational and economic support of state needs and the consequences of the particular regulation of procurement procedures over the past 120 years is presented, those tools that allowed and allow the state to solve the key tasks of economic development in different periods of history are considered.

Keywords

government order, procurement, digitalization, competition, bidding


Algorithm for making recommendations in electronic educational environments based on stochastic Markov models
Goncharov Dmitriy Ivanovich, Gerashchenkova Tatyana Mikhaylovna

Abstract

In this artical proposing recommendation algorithm for educational resources in e-learning systems. The new approach uses Markov’s model of evaluating the content of the systems by ordinary users to form the parameters of the initial state which characterizes a new user of the system as evaluations of the first resources (system content) to recommend interesting system elements to an active user. Thus the problem of «cold start» for the new users at the first stages of interaction with the system is solved. This problem is inherent in the system under development, because the e-learning system includes a module for making recommendations, which allows it to refer to the class of recommendation-based automated systems. The new approach will combine the use of the Markov process and the time factor to use them as a single source of data for making recommendations. This approach will be based on the principle of access analysis of similar users of the system (the similarity is determined by comparing their profiles) in the same periods of time. An integral part of the created system is also usability. Therefore, at the design stage, it is necessary to think about the ergonomics of the recommendations in the educational system.

Keywords

mathematical modeling, learning systems, e-learning, remote learning, Markov chains, Markov process, cloud learning.


Experience and prospects of working with students on creating IT-products based on Low-code technology (Based on the materials of the Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University)
Yeremina Irina Ilinichna

Abstract

The article examines the experience and prospects of the student scientific circle (SNK) in creating IT products based on low-code technologies. The training work in the circle is aimed at creating a holistic idea of developing applications in the business-oriented programming language of the 1C: Enterprise platform. During the development of the SNK program, students get acquainted with the basics of the built-in language, platform objects and mechanisms, programming and configuration methods in the 1C: Enterprise platform.

Keywords

organization of study groups with students, IT products, low-code technologies, 1C:Enterprise platform, business analytics projects


Determinants of revenue of hospitality enterprises in the post-pandemic period based on a scenario approach
Pirogova Oksana Yevgenyevna, Mustafina Alisa Valeryevna

Abstract

The tourism industry is affected by health emergencies. According to the World Tourism Organization, as a result of the outbreak of coronavirus infection, the number of international tourists decreased by 60-80% in 2020, moreover, the global economy collapsed – all this caused serious global consequences for service providers. In connection with this situation, the topic of reducing the profitability of companies becomes especially relevant: in the conditions of uncertainty of the epidemiological situation, entrepreneurs need to calculate possible forecast options and the occurrence of concomitant risks of revenue reduction. Thus, each market participant has the opportunity to assess the consequences of the occurrence of a particular scenario.
The purpose of the study is to forecast hotel revenue for 2022, taking into account the identified risks of reducing the profit of the hotel industry in the post-pandemic period. Tasks: determining the current state of the hotel industry, identifying the risks of loss of profitability, identifying the relationship between revenue and identified risks using correlation and regression analysis, identifying possible scenarios for the development of the epidemiological situation in 2022 and determining their impact on revenue, profit forecast for each scenario.
The methods of expert assessment, correlation and regression analysis, comparative analysis and generalization, the construction of their own hypotheses are used in the work.
As a result of this study, the revenue of a 4-star hotel was predicted according to three scenarios of the development of the post-pandemic period for 2021-2022. Significant risks of reducing the revenue of hotel enterprises in the post-pandemic period were: the average price per room, the level of employment of the population, the dynamics of tourist flow, both domestic and inbound.

Keywords

hotel industry, financial sustainability, risk mapping, revenue determinants of hospitality enterprises, post-pandemic period, scenario approach


Risk management under sanctions restrictions
Safronov Sergey Borisovich

Abstract

The paper presents risk management mechanisms in conditions of access to the insurance market, limited access to the insurance market and in conditions of closing access to the insurance market. As part of the approach to risk management in the conditions of closing access to the insurance market, a management algorithm is proposed through the creation of risk self-financing funds. This risk management algorithm allows, in conditions of impossibility to use insurance/reinsurance tools to cover damage when a risk occurs, to optimally plan and effectively manage a set of measures to prevent both direct risks and risk factors.

Keywords

risk management, insurance market, sanctions restrictions, risk self-financing funds.


Issues of project management in modern IT companies and directions of improvement of project management
Borchin Artyom Sergeevich

Abstract

The course towards modernization and innovative development proclaimed by the country’s leadership stimulates the innovation process at enterprises. However, while developing and implementing innovative projects in the activities of the enterprise, the management of enterprises face some barriers caused by the specific features of such projects. The article analyzes the current state of affairs in the field of project management and development of companies in the IT field. The existing problems and prospects in the management system of innovative projects in this area are determined. The article says that when improving the corporate project management system in the organization, some elements of the system are adjusted and certain components are introduced that contribute to an increase in the level of project management.

Keywords

project management, management improvement, enterprises, innovative projects.


Creation of innovative breeding material for sustainable grain production of soft wheat
Beletskaya Yekaterina Yakovlevna, Krotova Lyudmila Anatolyevna

Abstract

Based on the results of many years of research, the effectiveness of the use of chemical mutagens and fungicides in the creation of a new starting material for the selection of spring and winter wheat under condition of Western Siberia has been shown. The patterns of variability and of population and quantitative traits of varieties of the Siberian gene pool and mutant-varietal hybrids of common wheat are revealed. The genetic nature of the mutations was obtained, the effect of mutagens, fungicides and genotypes on the mutation spectrum, the phenotypic manifestation of mutant genes, the redefinition of the correlation links of quantitative traits in mutants and their hybrids in changing environmental conditions were studied. Donors of genes of increased productivity and adaptability were established for inclusion in the crossing programs, three varieties of winter and five varieties of spring soft wheat, included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan, were created.

Keywords

creation of breeding material, food security, agro-industrial complex, breeding programs, innovative resource of the agro-industrial complex, breeding of spring and winter wheat.


Social state, social system reforms, prospects
Abirov Magomet Sultanovich

Abstract

It is well known that reforms largely determine the state and direction of development of the social sphere. The focus on achieving economic results while neglecting social protection measures inevitably leads to an increase in social tension and the emergence of a negative feedback loop that slows down the reforms themselves. In addition, there is a constant danger of social conflicts.
The promotion of social efficiency as the main goal of the state policy means at the same time the formation of the most important guidelines of the management strategy as sub-goals. Only this orientation of economic reform corresponds to the concept of a social state, proclaimed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation as one of the leading distinctive features of the Russian Federation.
Social security is a necessary condition not only for the successful implementation of economic reforms, but also for the continued existence of Russia as a powerful independent state. Urgent measures are needed to support science, education, culture in general, the development of socially oriented management, and the mobilization of Russia’s colossal human potential to solve national problems. One of the most important conditions for such mobilization, in turn, is the formulation of a national ideology and a system of values, which in turn would make it possible to ensure an increase in the social efficiency of public administration.

Keywords

welfare state, management, state policy of social efficiency, social protection, social security, socially oriented management, social security, social efficiency of public administration


Improvement of the mechanism of interaction of the customs administrations in the field of electronic trade
Asiyatilov Gereykhan Magomedovich, Yusupova Savda Yaragiyevna

Abstract

The article reveals the mechanism of interaction between customs administrations in the field of electronic commerce. It is emphasized that the international nature of electronic commerce requires an integrated and harmonized approach, pragmatic, fair and innovative solutions. It is shown that at present, increased attention is paid to the control of electronic commerce. This actualizes the issue of interaction between customs administrations in the field of electronic commerce. One of the mechanisms in this area may be to ensure the interaction of the Russian segment of the Single Window mechanism with foreign Single Window mechanisms.

Keywords

customs administrations, e-commerce, e-commerce management, cross-border e-commerce, regulation of international e-commerce, national single window mechanisms


2021

Basic rules for effective management of a remote team
Rafikova Zukhra Rustemovna, Rastegaeva Fania Saitovna

Abstract

This article considers such factors as proper personnel selection, individual workspace, proper process management, communication and team building as the key to managing a remote team with high productivity.

Keywords

remote work, team, employees, management.


Social computer technologies in project management
Vasilyev Denis Vyacheslavovich, Minnegaliyev Rustam Mansurovich

Abstract

Since the 2000s, social media has become widespread, and at the moment there are many different platforms that implement these technologies. When deciding to use social media in the communication of the project, it is important to choose a single platform. To do this, it is necessary to conduct a survey of project participants regarding the social media used. Social networks may be of interest for organizing project communications within the framework of instant messaging and communication between a group of users, if this type of communication is preferred by the majority of the project team members.

Keywords

social computer technologies, project communications, project management, resources and services of a social network


Development of an educational course using technologies for launching and developing innovative and social projects
Tsybenko Valeria Alexandrovna, Kafiyatullina Yulia Nasikhovna

Abstract

A project on the Development of an educational course using technologies for launching and developing innovative and social projects is presented. The aim of the project is to form, through Proektopolis, schoolchildren have an accurate idea of the creation, development and promotion of their own projects in various fields of activity with the further promotion of the finished product on the platform of grant systems and competitions, as well as its implementation at the end of the course.

Keywords

project activities, increasing student motivation, educational course, projects


Investment process in the innovation economy
Ogorodnikova Elena Petrovna, Sigaeva Yuliana Vladimirovna

Abstract

The article presents the results of a comprehensive study of the approaches of Russian and foreign scientists to investment processes in the innovation economy. The article evaluates the main definitions related to the investment process, and considers various approaches of leading economists. The results of the study suggest that it is necessary to develop the theory of investment, the categories of investment are manifested at the present stage in their reproductive orientation, within the framework of the theory of information economy, scientists focus not so much on the study of investments as real investments.

Keywords

investment process, investment, information economy, investment, innovation economy.


Digital technologies for monitoring the outsourcing development in the regions of the Far Eastern federal district
Kriger Alexandra Borisovna, Ivin Vyacheslav Vadimovich, Bonacheva Alexandra Sergeevna

Abstract

This article discusses the idea of forming and the procedure for implementing data warehouse as a means of monitoring the development of outsourcing in the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District. The sources of the data set, data structure and data warehouse are indicated. Brief theoretical information about the BI system and data warehouse is provided. The Russian practice of using class BI systems is considered. It also describes technical information about Power BI and information for the user, lists the main features of Power BI software. The procedure for implementing operational data processing is described – OLAP cube – Power BI tools. Possibilities for visualization of operational analysis results – development of information panels.

Keywords

data warehouse, interactive data analysis, outsourcing, Far Eastern Federal District, monitoring tools, operational data processing, business analytics, Power BI, relational data model.


The essence of the application of the method of prioritization when making management decisions
Salnikova Kristina Vladimirovna

Abstract

The article discusses the method of prioritization as one of the tools for making managerial decisions. A detailed algorithm for calculating the prioritization method based on the pairwise comparison method is described. The purpose of the article is to give an idea of the practical application of the prioritization method. The result of the study was the selection of a supplier based on the maximum value of the complex priority indicator. The research methodology is based on a set of theoretical and empirical research methods: description, comparison, analysis and synthesis of the source material with the final generalization of the results obtained and making a single judgment. The field of application of the research results is associated with the subsequent formation of proposals and recommendations for the development of organizational, methodological, technological, economic and other measures for the use of the priority setting method.

Keywords

management decisions, prioritization method, pairwise comparison method, expert, choice of alternatives, graphs of binary relations, criteria


Prerequisitesand conditions for introducing a digital ruble based on the blockchain system as a tool for increasing economic security in the financial sphere
Bezpalov Valery Vasilevich, Remeslennikov Andrey Yurevich

Abstract

The article discusses the issue of introducing a digital national currency based on blockchain technology, the study examines foreign practice in the implementation of a digital national currency, based on the collected and studied information, the weak and strong sides of the implementation of this idea are highlighted. An analysis is made of the possibility of introducing the digital ruble, as well as its impact on economic security in the financial sector. As a result, problems are formed that impede implementation and recommendations for their elimination are given.

Keywords

digital ruble, economic security, blockchain, cryptocurrency, smart contracts, Central Bank digital currency, distributed ledger technology, digital yuan.


Communication strategy of a new brand in the publishing market
Fedyunin Dmitriy Valeryevich, Lochan Sergey Aleksandrovich, Bezpalov Valeriy Vasilyevich

Abstract

In the face of the drastic changes that the book market is currently undergoing, there is a growing need to stand out from the competition through properly structured marketing communications. In modern conditions, it becomes especially important for enterprises to find effective ways, methods and channels for promoting goods and services to the market. The solution of various market issues involves a strategic and systematic approach. Brand launch, coverage of new market segments, rebranding or other strategic decisions define the specifics of the brand’s interaction with the consumer. A well-formed communication strategy allows you to ensure a stable and effective activity to generate demand and promote goods and services to the market in order to meet the needs of customers and make a profit.

Keywords

integrated marketing communications, strategic approach, system approach, market segmentation, rebranding, communication strategy, promotion


Public events in the field of science and technology: features, problems and development trends
Gaibu V., Korshunova E.D.

Abstract

Public events are one of the most effective ways to demonstrate and promote achievements in the field of science and technology. This industry is strategically important, as it contributes to the development of the economy, international relations, innovation and scientific potential of the country, which makes it very attractive for scientists and researchers. In this article, an analysis of approaches to preparing for participation in the PM was carried out to obtain the greatest effectiveness.

Keywords

Public events, science and technology, development, promotion, effective promotion, choice of the type of event.


Prospects for the formation of the international legal regime of cryptocurrency
Krasnov Nikolay Aleksandrovich, Sergeyeva Natalya Yuryevna

Abstract

The article is devoted to the currently topical issues — the prospects for the formation of an international legal regime for cryptocurrency. The author examines various legal approaches to understanding this phenomenon, highlights the main difficulties in its legal regulation on the example of different countries, including the Russian Federation. The characteristic of the formation of the international legal regime of cryptocurrency is given. Risks are assessed in cases of ignoring cryptocurrency as a phenomenon. As a result, the author proposes separate recommendations on the way of creating a unified international legal field regulating the cryptosphere.

Keywords

cryptocurrency, legal regulation, bitcoin, blockchain, mining, cryptocurrency exchanges, digital currency, digital asset, token, financial assets, legal interpretation


Analysis of the impact of threats on the economic security of a coal mining company
Muraleva Anna Anatolievna

Abstract

Today the coal industry is an important component of the overall state of the economy of the Russian Federation. This industry is actively developing, annually increasing the number of mined and sold coal. Despite the positive dynamics, in this period the coal industry has a number of difficulties, aggravated by the spread of the coronavirus infection COVID — 19. The negative dynamics of the global coal price formation has also spread to the territory of the Russian Federation.
In this regard, ensuring the economic security of coal industry enterprises is a priority task, which makes it possible to reflect real, as well as prevent potential economic threats and avoid possible negative consequences in general. In the scientific literature, a significant number of publications are associated both with the assessment of the state and development of the coal mining industry in Russia as a whole, and for individual regions of the Russian Federation. However, insufficient attention has been paid to assessing the state of economic security of coal companies, identifying and analyzing threats that affect it in the author’s works. In this regard, the purpose of the article is to identify, classify and rank threats to the economic security of a coal mining enterprise. The article uses the following methods: monographic, matrix, direct ranking method. The results of the study indicate that coal companies have significant external and internal threats to economic security; it seems that all coal companies in the country can use the classification and ranking of threats to economic security proposed in the article.

Keywords

economic security, threats to the economic security of a coal mining company, the impact of threats on the economic security of a coal mining enterprise.


Internal communications during pandemic
Kachaeva Sofia Stanislavovna

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to determine the characteristics of internal communications in the context of a pandemic. The article examines trends and adjustments in communication strategies during the global crisis caused by CoVid-19. Particular attention is paid to the benefits of transformation of internal communications and successful practices of international companies. The article will be of interest to specialists in the field of corporate culture and communications. As a result, the main and unspoken trends are identified and characterized, which are aimed at improving the quality of information exchange, as well as increasing the level of employee engagement into the work process.

Keywords

communications, internal communication, pandemic, tendencies


Methodological support of technologization organization management subprocess
Gerasimov Boris Nikiforovich

Abstract

The process of personnel management in any modern organization within the framework of its activities is one of the key ones. The research and development of technologies for solving functional problems of the subprocess of personnel selection management in the organization is carried out. As a result, a set of methodological tools was designed to implement technologies for solving the main tasks of this subprocess, and the composition of the attributes of these tasks was determined to determine the qualifications of specialists who solve these tasks.

Keywords

organization, personnel management, recruitment management, management tasks, support tools, attributes.


Current problems of the realization of the right for the implementation of local self-government by the population in the municipal formations of the Nizhny Novgorod region
Sedykh Dmitriy Vyacheslavovich, Sedykh Anastasia Yurievna

Abstract

This article reveals a number of current problems of the realization of the right to implementation of local self-government by the population in relation to the municipalities of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The authors analyze and characterize current problems, provide possible ways and means of solving them.

Keywords

the right for implementation of local self-government, local self-government, forms of local self-government, Nizhny Novgorod region.


Assessment of the economic safety of peat mining enterprises
Berezkina Anastasiya Yuryevna, Yakonovskaya Tatyana Borisovna

Abstract

The article is devoted to the urgent problem of sustainable and economically safe development of enterprises in the peat mining sector of the economy of the Tver region. Despite the fact that peat deposits are widely represented in all regions of Russia, the efficiency of their industrial and economic use is extremely low. The purpose of the study is to determine the characteristics of the assessment and analysis of economic security of an enterprise developing peat deposits. The article discusses the relationship between the concepts of “peat rent” and “economic security”, and also provides an author’s interpretation of their content. The analysis of existing approaches to assessing the economic security of mining enterprises was carried out and the use of the rental approach based on the materials of peat industry enterprises used in this study was justified. An indicator for assessing the economic security of peat production is highlighted. The author has proposed a methodological approach, the feature of which is a comprehensive accounting of technical, economic and natural factors that objectively affect the level of economic security of peat-mining enterprises. The proposed methodological approach also allows you to develop recommendations to increase the flexibility and adaptability of peat-mining enterprises, taking into account the individual conditions of their work. Methodological research tools include the provisions of economic theory, information methods for processing statistical data and economic and mathematical modeling. The methodology was tested on the example of peat-mining enterprises in the Tver region, which have been in a state of protracted economic crisis for quite some time. The conclusions, recommendations and suggestions of the study were used in the development of the regional program «Natural Resources Management and Environmental Protection» for 2017 — 2022 (Decree of the Government of the Tver Region dated December 26, 2016 N 414-pp as amended on February 7, 2020).

Keywords

rent, peat industry, economic efficiency, economic security, regional economy, investment attractiveness, regional resources, industry complex, peat extraction, technology


Characteristic of the parameters of the risk assessment of the economic security of the regional enterprises
Karanina Yelena Valeryevna, Guseynzade Rafik Nuraddin ogly

Abstract

The effective activity of any enterprise largely depends on the well-coordinated functioning of the economic security system, which is of a preventive (preventing risks) nature. The article is devoted to the methods of analysis and assessment of risks to the economic security of regional enterprises by branches of economic activity, on the basis of which the main problems are revealed, as well as the main threats and risks to the economic security of enterprises in the region. The main problems of the selection of indicators for assessing the indicators of economic security are analyzed, which contribute to the increase in the relevance of studying the problems and ensuring the economic security of the regions of the Russian Federation. Groups and methods for assessing indicators (indicators) of economic security of the region from the standpoint of industry specificity are proposed.

Keywords

economic security, risks, indicators, types of economic activity, region.


«Knowledge» is a key element of the competitiveness of the research and production complex
Gorbachev Andrey Yuryevich

Abstract

The issues of organizing a sustainable production process for high-demand high-tech products are particularly relevant during the global production crisis caused by the pandemic, the desire of leading countries to reduce the use of traditional energy resources, as well as the presence of a number of geopolitical crises. Analysis of the processes of development and production of high-tech products allows us to establish that the key for the enterprise is its ability to work with such an object as «knowledge». The establishment of algorithms for the reproduction and practical application of «knowledge» allows us to form a program for the progressive development of the enterprise and ensure its competitiveness.

Keywords

knowledge, science-intensive products, research and production complex, competitiveness of the research and production complex.


Innovation’s timing system SmartSpeed in assessing the fitness of hockey players
Shishkov I.Yu.

Abstract

The article discusses the effectiveness of using the SmartSpeed timing system to assess the special skills of hockey players when performing control and test exercises. The Australian SmartSpeed system was tested on the students of the daytime department of the hockey specialization of the Moscow State Academy of Physical Culture. The use of a modern control system made it possible to obtain data on the passage of various segments of the distances of the planned exercises, including: starting and distance speed, the time of passing a turn of 180 degrees.

Keywords

timing system SmartSpeed, hockey, student sports, testing, control exercise.


Features of obtaining the status of a resident of the free port of Vladivostok
Yarulin Nikita Vyacheslavovich, Korchagin Anatoliy Georgiyevich

Abstract

This article discusses the requirements for a person planning to obtain the status of a resident of the free port of Vladivostok, as well as the criteria for selecting residents, the list and content of documents submitted by such a person. Based on the results of the study, the author formulated proposals for improving the procedure for obtaining the status of a resident.

Keywords

Free port of Vladivostok, resident, free port resident status, criteria for selecting residents, procedure for obtaining resident status


Interaction of education, science, and business-as an innovative structure
Chuldum Ayana Eres-oolovna

Abstract

The relevance and importance of this problem follows from the fact that the foreign and domestic scientific community pays constant attention to the problems of integration of science, education and production. At the same time, the issues of creating integrated structures in this area are not adequately considered in domestic and foreign science and practice. Previously conducted studies analyze and solve the problems of complex formation and development of science, education and production in the context of their interaction, without using the appropriate apparatus of systemic influence (by creating integrated regional educational, scientific and innovative complexes). It is determined that one of the variants of organizational support for the development of innovation in the republic can be the creation of the Tuva Joint Educational and scientific Center on the basis of the Tuva State University and academic science organizations in the republic, the main goals of which can be the consolidation of scientific research on the problems of development of the republic, the initiation of the creation of small innovative enterprises, the formation of the innovation market infrastructure, attracting financial resources to support scientific developments on the principles of fundraising.

Keywords

education, science, business, innovative structure of the region, scientific and educational complex, experimental production, educational and scientific center, Tuvan State University


Gas oil sector by Industry 4.0.: transfer to renewable energy sources and digitalization results
Kharlanov Aleksey Sergeyevich

Abstract

The energy industry is undergoing qualitative changes that have far-reaching implications for the global energy sector and its key players, including oil and coal companies and non-renewable energy exporting countries. However, it is impossible to accurately predict the speed of the transition. In addition, it is difficult to determine what the final energy balance will be, as the outcome of the transition is likely to depend on the region. For Russia, this topic is all the more relevant since the importing countries of its oil and gas are at the same time pioneers in the digital transformation of the industry and the transition to renewable sources, which creates additional economic and foreign policy risks. The study provides an overview of the prerequisites and benefits of switching to renewable energy sources from an environmental, economic and technological point of view. The essence and content of digital transformation in the context of achieving the UN sustainable development goals and the Paris Climate Agreement are characterized. The concept of the “fourth energy transition” by Vaclav Smil is considered as the most important strategy for the development of modern energy and adaptation to the challenges of an unstable world with its uneven and often ineffective access and use of fossil natural resources. The dynamics of world consumption of energy resources (biomass, coal, oil, gas and new renewable sources) from 1860 to the present and for the forecast period until 2040 is analyzed. An increase in the share of unconventional sources is noted. Learning curves describing the economies of scale are considered: a decrease in the cost of generating a kilowatt-hour when increasing energy capacities for solar panels and wind turbines of various designs. Examples of the experience of the largest renewable energy producing countries and cases of successful companies on the digital transformation of modern energy consumption are presented. The state of renewable energy in the Russian Federation is assessed in comparison with world leaders (China, USA). It is concluded that a successful digital transformation of the oil and gas industry is possible only with sufficient economic efficiency of this process, which will require significant investments at the initial stages of the life cycle of digital innovations, but will lead to a more rational distribution of world energy in the long term.

Keywords

digital transformation, energy transition, renewable energy sources, gas oil sector, non-renewable energy sources.


Problems of investment attractiviness of the Kyrgyz Republic
Makeeva Meerim Turatbekovna, Bakas uulu Bakhtyiar

Abstract

The problem of attracting foreign investment is always relevant for increasing the sustainability of the development of any economy. This problem is also relevant for the Kyrgyz Republic, whose economic indicators have been rapidly deteriorating in recent years. The purpose of this article is to study the factors affecting the inflow of foreign direct investment into the republic. To achieve this goal, the authors used both qualitative and quantitative methods, reports and data’s of international organizations. The authors concluded that the country’s weak institutional development hinders investment. The study also showed that, unlike other countries, political stability in the republic is more important than macroeconomic factors.

Keywords

Direct foreign investments; investment attractiveness; macroeconomics; open economy; competitiveness.


Fundamental approaches to the preparation of a risk-based internal audit work plan
Kalamanova Yelena Nikolayevna, Prodanova Natalya Alekseyevna

Abstract

The article discusses the fundamental approaches to planning the work of internal audit based on a risk-based approach, taking into account the requirements of international auditing standards, the updated concept of three lines of defense, recommendations for the organization of risk management and internal control. The problems of the article are relevant in the conditions of rapid changes in the business environment, the emergence of new risks, the increasing complexity of business processes of organizations and the regulatory framework, the development of corporate governance practices, leading to the need for rapid adaptation of the internal audit function to the changes taking place. The material of the article is presented taking into account the current regulatory framework, international standards of auditing, International foundations of professional practice of internal audit.

Keywords

audit planning, internal audit, risk-based approach, internal audit model.


The experience of building corporate communications in public self-government bodies on the example of the student council
Semunina Svetlana Yevgenyevna, Kizyan Natalya Gennadyevna

Abstract

This article is focused on the possibilities of building corporate communications in public self-government bodies on the example of the student council. The main segments of the target audience of the student council activities are highlighted. Generational features of various segments of the target audience of student councils ‘ activities are considered. The features of working with each segment of the target audience and the main problems that arise are identified. The main directions of communication management in the activities of the student council are revealed. The main recommendations on the problems of communication management in the activities of the student council identified in the course of the study are offered.

Keywords

corporate communications, public self-government bodies, student council


Voluntary health insurance market in Kazakhstan: analysis and development prospects
Spankulova Lazat Seytkaziyevna, Chulanova Zaure Kazbekovna, Kerimbayev Azamat Rashidovich

Abstract

The article discusses the development of the market for voluntary medical insurance, which is an important component of the system for the provision of medical services in Kazakhstan. The use of this type of insurance as an additional source of funding contributes to the expansion of the availability of health care services, in terms of providing services, including those not covered by the compulsory social health insurance system. The authors analyzed the main indicators of the republic’s insurance market, including the dynamics of the insured population within the framework of voluntary medical insurance and insurance contracts for 2008-2020. The results of financial and economic activities of large insurance organizations providing medical insurance services are considered. The study showed a slowdown in the growth rate of voluntary health insurance in 2020 due to the pandemic. Analysis of the financial results of health insurance made it possible to conclude that this type of insurance is unprofitable. However, despite the existing problematic issues, it should be noted that the potential of the voluntary medical insurance market in Kazakhstan is quite high. For the effective development of this area in the near future, support from the state and the National Bank will be required.

Keywords

voluntary health insurance, quality of services, insured population, financial results, insurance premiums and payments.


Problems of Russian natural science at the beginning of the third decade of the XXI century
Romodin Leonid Aleksandrovich

Abstract

This article deals with the main problems currently occurring in Russian science. Meanwhile, the main focus is on the field of natural sciences, in particular, biology. This is due to the fact that the development of this scientific field has been given a special place in the government regulations, over the past two years. The article discusses the goals of the Science National Project and the Program for the Development of Genetic Technologies. Arguments are given in favor of the incorrectness of the criteria for evaluating of effectiveness both the researchers and some of the challenges which are presented in these documents. It is pointed out why Russian science would never be able to take a leading position in the world, why the really updating the staff and the true development of the Russian science would be impossible, under the current conditions. The latter, in general, is due to the inability to conduct the multicast researches. The paper provides the recommendations for solving a number of issues raised.

Keywords

science management, bibliometric indicators, scientist efficiency, scientist motivation, financing of Russian science


The ways of efficient use of labor resources and increasing of employment in the regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Muminov Nozim Gaffarovich

Abstract

The regional structure of employment is understood as the proportion of individual regional entities in the overall (country) structure of employment. The proportion of employment in the regions in the national employment in many cases does not coincide with the share of the regions in the country’s GDP. This is due to the level of industrialization of the regions, the priority development of industrial sectors and modern types of services, the participation of these industries and spheres in the country’s foreign economic relations. With a stable preservation or even growth of the proportion of the employed in many regional entities of the country, their proportion in GDP tends to decrease. The growth in the number of employed was carried out due to the increase in farms and types of activities with relatively low labor productivity. In order to effective management of labor resources, it is necessary to develop science based regional employment programs, as well as to ensure the full implementation of these programs. The implementation by the government of Uzbekistan of deep economic reforms in all spheres of the economy, in particular, providing employment and improving the life of the country’s population, has achieved good results.

Keywords

Work; labor resources; employment; region; regional employment; workforce, economically active population.


Building a cognitive model as the basis for planning the development of an innovative enterprise
Gurbangulyyev Azat Suleymanovich, Bogatikov Valeriy Nikolayevich, Klyushin Aleksandr Yuryevich

Abstract

This article shows the process of building a modeling model from the standpoint of a cognitive approach and its relevance for innovative enterprises. Based on the proposed approach, it is possible to develop a software package that allows you to simulate the development of an innovative enterprise, as well as to manage this enterprise depending on the task at hand.

Keywords

innovation, innovative enterprises, development planning, modeling, cognitive model


Municipal Solid Waste Risk Management
Safronov Sergey Borisovich

Abstract

Within the framework of this article, out of the entire spectrum of possible risks, the most significant ones are considered, corresponding to the current global agenda of Sustainable Development, the purpose of which is to preserve the planet for the future generation. Risks in this aspect are considered as possible events with negative economic, social and environmental consequences leading to material damage. When identifying and assessing risks, the entire chain of the «life cycle» of waste from their generation, movement and disposal is considered, that is, processing into a recyclable product or return to the environment in the form of a solid, liquid or gaseous form.

Keywords

risk management, municipal solid waste management, waste management risk management, risk identification, risk factors.


Modern approaches to motivation at sea transport as an element of human resources management
Busurina Larisa Yurievna, Kharchenko Olga Alexandrovna, Shumovskaya Natalia Evgenievna, Gancherenok Igor Ivanovich

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the development of motivational approaches as a means of influencing on workers employed in sea transport. The aim is to increase the overall efficiency of the ship’s crew. It is noted that the profit of any ship’s crew directly depends on the employees, and on their full commitment to work. So, the ship’s authorities should understand that achieving the desired result will be impossible without stimulation of the employees’ work.
Various approaches to the definition of the concept of motivation are analyzed. It is concluded that modern authors do not have a common opinion about the concept of motivation. Each of them has its own vision and interpretation of this definition but they all characterize motivation as an incentive person to activity. It is emphasized that the Master should know that the correct identification of the current needs and motivation of the ship’s crew determines the effectiveness of programs and measures aimed at stimulating the crew. Therefore, all this ensures the productivity of their activities.
The theory by V.I. Gerchikov is proposed for use in the work of ship crews. Five types of labor motivation determine the main issues of his theory: instrumental, professional, bossy, patriotic, and avoidance (lumpenized) ones.
The article shows that the management of a ship’s crew should be aimed at ensuring and maintaining optimal living conditions for its members in the process of their labor, social, domestic, and interpersonal relationships, taking into account personal qualities and characteristics of work at sea.

Keywords

Motivation of personnel, stimulation of employees’ work, ship’s crew, productivity of activity, formation of motivation, typological model of motivation, interpersonal relations.


Three keys to sustainable business development
Safronov Sergey Borisovich

Abstract

Recently, the term sustainable development has become increasingly common in business communication. To some extent, this is even a trend in modern business. So is this a tribute to fashion or an objective necessity, without which further development is simply not possible? And as far as it concerns only business or it refers to everything with which a person’s vital activity is connected. In recent decades, mankind has faced a series of negative impacts associated with natural disasters, man-made accidents and political conflicts that led to material losses, huge human losses, causing damage to nature and biodiversity, in some cases unrepairable. Unfortunately, the «effect» of this will fully affect the future generation.

Keywords

sustainable development, global initiative, international standard, economic growth.


Features of the current state of specialized institutions of the infrastructure of the banking services market
Podskrebalina Veronika Vladimirovna

Abstract

The article is devoted to identifying the main goals of the banking system’s activities and development. Consider the development of the national payment system with the use of modern technologies, all the main problems associated with payment systems are associated with the inoperability of all or individual parts of the model with the institutions of the banking services market. The analysis of data on banking systems has been carried out. According to the results of the study, we can conclude that more and more people use new payment systems, and every year this number is only increasing.

Keywords

payment system, institutional infrastructure, infrastructure of the banking services market, banking system, credit institutions, fast payment system.


Methodology of digital financial stainability
Bazhenov Sergey Ivanovich

Abstract

In this article there are directions of development of economics of Sverdlovsk region. Examples of documents that are a base of methodology of digital financial stainability are in this paper. It is make a definition of digital economics. Authors suggest analyzing a classic methodology of business and IT-systems. There are directions of methodology of digital transformation in this article.

Keywords

digitalization, sustainable economy, digital financial sustainability, digital financial transformation, digital financial sustainability methodology, regional development, Sverdlovsk region


New climate policy in Europe and the USA: Impact on global climate governance
Korabayev Kazbek Beysembayevich

Abstract

Since the second half of 2020 and the beginning of 2021, Europe and the United States have been pursuing a new positive climate policy, putting climate change at the forefront of their internal affairs and diplomacy. Both the European Union and the United States will increase their nationally determined contributions to emissions reduction in 2030. Commit to achieving zero net emissions by 2050, as well as implementing large-scale economic stimulus plans. They are trying to turn economic recovery measures in response to the new coronavirus epidemic into an important opportunity to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy. New climate agreements in Europe and America have given a powerful impetus to the process of global climate governance, restored political momentum, contributed to global environmental recovery, intensified efforts to reduce global emissions and contributed to the transition of global climate governance to a new era of actively achieving the goal of «carbon neutrality». This further enhanced the integrity and effectiveness of the Paris Agreement and laid a relatively good political foundation for its smooth implementation. However, European and American new climate agreements are subject to the shackles of their respective domestic policies. Their commitment to reducing emissions, as well as the financial and technical climate assistance they provide, is still far from their responsibility in global climate governance. They are also influenced by the selfishness of their strategic goals, as a result of which the aggravation of geopolitical competition and other factors limit its influence to a certain extent.

Keywords

global climate governance; new climate policy in Europe and the USA; global ecological restoration; Paris Agreement


Analysis of the current level of project management in the organization
Dubnikov Anatoliy Vladimirovich

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to analyze the current level of project management in modern organizations. It is determined that project management is the most effective tool with which you can achieve high results in running a modern business. The characteristics of qualitative and quantitative methods of project management analysis are given and the available statistics of the application of methods in the practice of Russian companies are analyzed. It is concluded that systematic work on the implementation of development projects, the presence of a correlation between the company’s strategy and project activities are becoming the main factor for the survival of companies in a highly competitive market.

Keywords

project management, project management, project management in an organization, analysis of the level of project management, methods for assessing the level of project management


Economic growth: historical and institutional aspect
Trifonov Stanislav Viktorovich

Abstract

The article deals with the features of the socio-economic development of Russia, the issues of state intervention in the economy. Based on the analysis of the historical development of the post-socialist transition countries, it is shown that different countries with transit economies are characterized by special trajectories of entrepreneurship development. The importance of ethical, cultural and institutional factors in the implementation of entrepreneurship, the important role of traditions of economic behavior that explain the specifics of the long-term development trajectory of Russia is emphasized. For the countries of the post-socialist transition, the possibility of ensuring sustainable economic growth is determined by the different civilizational history at the previous stages of development and the need to form a modern institutional environment that promotes socio-economic changes. In many ways, the factors influencing economic growth are the low level of innovation activity and competitiveness, as well as the growing influence of the state on the economy, the increase in its share due to the growth in the number and scale of state-owned companies, which limits the potential of Russian entrepreneurs within the framework of the domestic market. The main challenge to overcome dependence on previous development trajectories and prospects for long-term economic growth will be the formation of entrenched political institutions of civil society, guarantees of property rights, the rule of law, the independence of the judiciary, freedom of trade and the absence of strict state regulations.

Keywords

economic development, institutions, economic growth, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial culture, economic freedom, extractive and inclusive institutions.


Theoretical and economic foundations for constructing a mathematical model of development and management of a multi-level socio-economic system of the state
Mashunin Yuri Konstantinovich

Abstract

The relevance of the study is due to the development of the digital economy and its use in the socio-economic management of the development of the Russian Federation. Forecasting, strategic planning, budget in this aspect is a promising direction of the socio-economic development of the state, as well as its constituent parts: regions, municipalities, enterprises, which are the basis of the economy. This line of research creates a methodological basis for the development, implementation of management decisions focused on the priority areas of economic development of the state.
The purpose of the study is to analyze, develop theoretical and methodological provisions for strategic and innovative development and management of the multi-level economic system of the state on the basis of systemic (vector) optimization.

Keywords

state, forecasting, strategic development of the economy, budget, statistical information, vector optimization, formation of the revenue and expenditure part of the state budget.


Prospects for the introduction of digital technologies in the tourism industry of the Rostov region
Voloshinova M.V., Zagorskaya V.V.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of regional features of the tourism industry for the introduction of digital technologies on the example of the Rostov region. The article analyzes the current state of digital technologies in the world and in Russia, the impact of digital technologies on the tourism industry and considers the prerequisites for digitalization of tourism in the Rostov region.

Keywords

tourism management, digital technologies, innovative technologies, regional tourism, domestic tourism development.


Dialectical aspects of the study of the computer games market in the context of digitalization
Bondarenko Victoria Andreevna, Popov Mikhail Vyacheslavovich

Abstract

At the present stage, computer games are used in the form of a communicative environment or game interfaces for business management (interpersonal relations, communication between management levels). Not only business, but also representatives of the educational sphere pay attention to the computer games market. The paper shows that computer games, as goods of the modern digital society, have an ambiguous effect on society, which is why a dialectical contradiction is formed in the sphere of meaning and value of the game for society. But the management bases and commodity-money relations regarding gaming content at the present stage are in the shade, since national or international normative and legislative acts in the field of regulating the circulation of gaming content are poorly developed or completely absent. It is substantiated that this issue needs additional economic, social and cultural research.

Keywords

computer games market research, communication environment, business management game interfaces, digitalization.


On the issue of safety management of construction facilities in areas with special regimes of economic activity of main pipelines
Karmanov Evgeny Olegovich

Abstract

Due to the rather rapid pace of expansion of the boundaries of settlements near hazardous production facilities, reducing the negative impact during the construction and operation, in particular, of main pipelines on the environment, life and health of people, is currently one of the priority tasks. In world practice, there is no single, strictly regulated approach to establishing the distances that ensure, on the one hand, the safety of citizens, and, on the other hand, the normal operation of pipeline systems by oil and gas transportation organizations.
Possible types of activities in zones with special regimes are determined taking into account an expert risk assessment, and the potential territorial risk of death is considered as the main indicator — the maximum value of the individual risk for a person located in a certain territory today.
This paper highlights the approaches used in various countries when establishing safe distances from pipelines intended for the transportation of natural gas, oil and oil products. The features of laying these structures near settlements, as well as within the city limits are presented. Positive and negative aspects of Russian normative and technical documents are revealed, recommendations for their improvement are given.

Keywords

safety management of construction sites, planning practices for safe distance zones, issuance of building permits, economic activity of trunk pipelines.


On the impact of interbudgetary federal funds on the economic development of the subjects of the North Caucasian Federal District
Bishenov Azret Alievich, Ittiyeva Larisa Khabibulakhovna

Abstract

The article considers federal inter-budget transfers to the subjects of the North Caucasus Federal District (NCFD) from the point of view of their impact on the economic growth of the regions. The development of the subjects of the North Caucasus Federal District, as one of the most complex in Russia, is becoming particularly relevant in modern conditions, including in the context of the implementation of the Strategy of Spatial Development of Russia until 2025. As a result of the analysis, the authors of the article conclude that federal budget funds have a weak impact on the economic development of the NCFD. Federal and own funds of the regions should be mainly directed to those sectors of the economy that can be drivers of economic development, where there are favorable and natural advantages: the agro-industrial complex, tourism, the sanatorium and resort sphere, mining and processing industries, electric power industry.

Keywords

federal inter-budget transfers, grants, subsidies, subventions, other inter-budget transfers, budget investments, economic development.


The influence of emotional intelligence and value orientations of the head on the management system in business
Gurenko Elena Sergeevna, Karpova Elena Grigorievna

Abstract

This article presents the results of the analysis of scientific and popular science literature on the research topic in order to study the determinants of emotional intelligence of business leaders and the degree of their influence along with value orientations on relationships within the team and the entire organization as a whole. An excursion into the history of the study of this problem is made and a brief overview of the existing theoretical models of emotional intelligence is given. The relationship of emotional intelligence with values and value orientations has been revealed. Particular attention is paid to ways to develop emotional intelligence and improve the emotional literacy of managers, including for the effective implementation of their activities in stressful conditions — a pandemic. It is concluded that in modern realities success is achieved by a leader with a high level of emotional intelligence, and not a high IQ. In other words, emotional intelligence has a positive impact on management effectiveness.

Keywords

emotional intelligence, emotional literacy, emotions, value orientations, manager, business area, managerial activity, manager’s emotions.


The socio-psychological phenomenon of «guanxi» as a regulatory function of maintaining the social capital of a group of modern Chinese society
Gurieva Svetlana Dzakhotovna, Dzhimiev Pavel Ruslanovich

Abstract

The presented review article examines the socio-psychological phenomenon of «guanxi», shows its content, role and significance as a regulatory function of the formation, maintenance and development of the group’s social capital, using the example of the behavior of modern Chinese. The mechanism of accumulation of social capital is revealed, through the main characteristics, such as: expediency, consciousness. The structure, typology and component of the “guanxi” phenomenon, including the concept of “face”, “saving face”, “loss of face”, “restoration of face”, “crediting face”, is described in detail. The obligatory component «guanxi» — «zhenqing» is also considered. The problem of the formation of the social capital of the group, which is manifested in the influence of «guanxi» on the behavior of the Chinese, which is historically based on the national-cultural system of values, ideas about «correct and incorrect» behavior, is being studied. The importance of the influence and significance of the «guanxi» phenomenon on the development of modern Chinese society and the realization of the needs of a modern organization.

Keywords

maintenance of social capital of the group, national-cultural system of values, mechanism of accumulation of social capital.


Features of strategic planning for the sustainable development of the space industry
Shkodinsky Sergey Vsevolodovich, Komarov Ivan Igorevich

Abstract

The article actualizes the problem of strategic planning for the sustainable development of the space industry, presents the priority targets for the development of space activities, systematizes the principles and criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of the space planning paradigm in Russia for the period up to 2036.

Keywords

strategic planning, sustainable development of the space industry, evaluation of the effectiveness of the space planning paradigm.


2020

Improvement of the container transport system based on the use of the advantages of the digital economy
Filatova Evgeniya Valentinovna

Abstract

To solve the problems arising during the global transition to digital, the article proposes the concept of digitalization of the container transportation system, an assessment of its level, as well as a project for the comprehensive digitalization of sea container terminals. The conclusion is drawn about the need for accelerated implementation of digital technologies, and the impossibility of growing the container market without a comprehensive assessment of the entire system under consideration.

Keywords

container shipping system, digitalization, containerization system digitalization index, digitalization of maritime container terminals.


The economic function of the state and the problem of state intervention in the economy
Trifonov Stanislav Viktorovich

Abstract

In the article on the basis of consideration of various approaches to the concept of “state” defines its actual significance, reveals the dual role of the state as a regulator of economic processes, with its inherent problem of distinguishing between management and regulation functions from functions The implementation of the economic function, as reflected in the work, is largely due to the imperfection of the state, its inability to provide allocates resources, identified the negative consequences of government intervention in the economy, both in setting strategic goals and in enforcing decisions due to the low efficiency of actions of the state bureaucracy, the importance of institutional transformations conducive to economic development, taking into account the determinants of culture and trust, with the determining influence of civil society.

Keywords

state, economic function of the state, state intervention, development economics, generalized trust, allocation inefficiency, irrationality of bureaucracy.


Organization and management of additional education of students on the basis of legal clinics of specialized universities (for example, the Far Eastern Institute of Management — a branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
Vinnik Nadezhda Vital’yevna

Abstract

This article formulates the actual problems of continuing education that the legal clinic of the Far Eastern Institute of Management has encountered. The study formulated author’s proposals aimed at solving problematic issues of additional legal education of students. In the process of research, methods of scientific knowledge were used: analysis, synthesis, axiological and logical research method. This article may be of interest to a wide range of individuals involved in the free legal aid system. The research findings can be applied in educational activities.

Keywords

organization and management of additional education, legal clinics of specialized universities, material and technical support of legal clinics, financing of legal clinics


Nonprofit organizations as an indicator of the successful functioning of civil society: the connection between the theory of civil society of J. Habermas and Nonprofit organizations
Volkova Olesya Alekseyevna, Khodov Maksim Yur’yevich

Abstract

The article is devoted to the theory of J. Habermas, which considers issues of civil societies, and issues of the development of Nonprofit organizations. The authors disclose the tasks, features, forms and types of non-profit organizations. Particular attention is paid to the historical aspects of the emergence and development of non-profit organizations in the world. Based on the analysis of various forms of prerequisites for the current situation, the authors draw conclusions about the future prospects of NPOs in our country and the world arena as a whole.

Keywords

non-profit organizations, the theory of civil society by J. Habermas, socially oriented organizations, government support for non-profit organizations.


Economic and mathematical justification of methods for ensuring the efficiency of small business in Russia
Chabanyuk Oleg Vasil’yevich

Abstract

In the article solved the problem of formation favorable conditions for the functioning subjects of small business, which create the preconditions to stimulate the development of entrepreneurial activity. Analyzed by groups of factors affecting the development of the small business innovation, for each group are allocated favorable and unfavorable factors. Unfavorable — grouped by areas of regulatory impact, and address issues of leveling. A result of research, based on Rosstat data on a particular conditional example was a mathematical model that helps to reduce the tax rate while maintaining the amount of the proceeds from this tax to the budget.

Keywords

small business, small business, economic and mathematical justification, income tax rate, stimulation of entrepreneurship


Fake news as a tool of social management and an object of application of information security methods
Kondrat’yev Ruslan Yaroslavovich, Mironova Nataliya Gennad’yevna

Abstract

in the context of information security, the article considers the social impact of fakes as a tool for shaping public opinion and public behavior. In these circumstances, the tasks of ensuring information and national security, combating fake content, which has considerable negative potential for socio-economic and political destabilization, are relevant.

Keywords

social technologies, fake news, manipulation of public opinion, information, media, information security, fake news, false information, misinformation, persuasive information, deep fake.


Quantitative analysis of profitability of growing of key agricultural crops in the context of strategic development of agricultural enterprises
Gertsekovich David Artashevich, Gorbachevskaya Lyudmila Ivanovna, Podlinyayev Oleg Leonidovich, Semonova Dar’ya Vadimovna

Abstract

In the article, using the basic principles of portfolio analysis according to 2013-2017, the dynamics of the productivity of the main agricultural crops, including separately grain and leguminous crops, and the production of basic livestock products was studied. The analysis was carried out using the «Profit-Risk» model, which is based on the basic provisions of the portfolio analysis of G. Markowitz. Based on the results of the global optimization, a group of lines of activity was formed that provided the best (in terms of profitability to risk) investment conditions. This is the cultivation of legumes and vegetables, the production of livestock, poultry, pigs and eggs and milk yield. The results of correlation analysis indicate that the synthesized group of leaders’ directions can be considered as the simplest portfolio with equal weights, since there is no close relationship between them. The revealed groups of widely diversified leading directions make it possible to build investment strategies for agricultural enterprises.

Keywords

Profitability of growing crops, agricultural enterprises, investment attractiveness assessment, portfolio analysis, Markowitz model, investment strategies of agricultural enterprises


The use of time management in management activities of heads of business organizations
Titova Dar’ya Vladimirovna

Abstract

This article discusses the role of time management in the management of business organizations and its impact on the effectiveness and competitiveness of the company. It is important to note that the author also pays attention to the peculiarities of the introduction of time management from the point of view of management sociology, which allows to identify and study the means and factors affecting the creation of a positive image of a company, organizational culture that affects the relationship between subjects, social groups in order to achieve goals, joint solution of tasks, reduction of conflict situations within the organization and beyond. The social interactions between the management vertical, staff, consumers, business partners using existing time management techniques are analyzed, attention is focused on various options for employee motivation, the choice of non-material incentives is substantiated.

Keywords

time management, leader, employees, clients, management, organization, interaction, organizational culture, company image, competition, efficiency, modern technologies, self-control, social support, resources of a business organization.


The problem of assessing the value of intellectual property in Russia in the digital economy
Kalashnik Nikita Andreevich, Stolbovskaya Nadezhda Nikolaevna

Abstract

The choice of topic for this article is justified by the importance of an objective assessment of intellectual property in Russia. The main problem is that companies in our country underestimate the prospects of using such types of intellectual property as patents, trademarks, copyrights, etc. The purpose of this scientific work is to develop methodological principles that can contribute to the revaluation of intangible assets and their involvement in the process of increasing added value. Based on the results of article, practical recommendations were developed to improve the assessment of intellectual property in the Russian Federation, and guidelines were developed for changing individual aspects of the assessment approaches. The value of scientific work is supported by statistical data and expert opinions.

Keywords

Intellectual property, digital economy, intangible assets, innovative technologies, blockchain, patent, trademark, copyright


Monitoring satisfaction and accessibility for the population of financial services provided in the Leningrad region
Shutov Roman Aleksandrovich, Bolshakov Sergey Nikolayevich

Abstract

The modern digital environment in many respects sets user trends not only in the banking services market, but also contributes to the formation of new strategic decisions in the field of banking products marketing. The study demonstrates a steady trend towards rejuvenating the target audience of demand for a number of leading banking products, such as car loans, mortgage lending. The results of a study of satisfaction with the services of financial institutions allow us to conclude about the impact of the digital environment and security on consumer choice. It is shown that it is important to transfer the positions of satisfaction / dissatisfaction from one product to another, which generally affects consumer choice.

Keywords

satisfaction of financial services for the population, accessibility of financial services for the population, marketing of banking products, digital environment, consumer choice


Digitalization as a key factor in the development of rural areas and agriculture
Magomedov Ali Magomedovich

Abstract

Digitalization in the article is considered as a key factor in the further development of rural areas and agriculture. Attention is paid to the backwardness in the digital development of our country from world powers and to significant interregional as well as intersectoral imbalances in the digitalization of the economy and society as a whole. Objective and subjective reasons for the insufficient use of digital technologies in the agricultural sector are given, taking into account regional specifics. The main drivers of agribusiness digitalization and the potential for their use in the region are identified. The article emphasizes that digitalization in the agricultural sector will allow the design and implementation of sophisticated logistics information systems that will significantly reduce production losses and improve agricultural efficiency. Particular attention is paid to the problems of the development of electronic commerce in the agricultural sector, distance learning for rural schoolchildren and agricultural specialists, Internet services for rural residents, the use of ICT in agricultural production.

Keywords

agricultural business, information technology, Internet of things, GIS technology, electronic commerce.


Innovative enterprise management: key concepts, features, examples
Sannikova Kseniya Aleksandrovna

Abstract

The management of an innovative enterprise has specific features. In the framework of this work, we analyzed key definitions related to the topic of “innovative management”, the history of the emergence of concepts; various points of view of business theorists and practitioners regarding the management of an innovative company are considered; examples of successful management of innovative enterprises in Russia and abroad are presented; a survey of business representatives from various industries was conducted; conclusions and recommendations on the chosen research topic are formed.

Keywords

innovation enterprise management, innovation management, factors of corporate success, intra-company cooperation, innovative reaction, value-based management, corporate democracy, company image.


Key factors for the success of a medical organization: the perspective of future medical professionals
Polidanov Maksim Andreyevich, Shcherbakova Irina Viktorovna

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of key success factors of a modern medical organization. Considering the various aspects of organization management and analyzing the results of a survey of students of the Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky, the author of the work identifies such factors as the personality of the leader and the image of the medical organization. Particular attention is paid to the innovative activity of the organization, the role of which is compared with the body’s immune system.

Keywords

medical organization, healthcare management, organization success, leader’s personality, image of a medical organization, innovative reaction


Use of modern information and communication technologies for conducting a series of educational events on contemporary art for the elderly
Tverdova Anna Dmitriyevna, Alikperov Igor Mirzamovich

Abstract

The article analyzes educational activities in the field of contemporary art in the context of social work with older people, identifies problems and obstacles to work with this category of participants, and explores the motivations and consequences of joining the trends of modern art for older people. It demonstrates the possibilities of modern information and communication technologies that make it possible to make accessible and attractive the introduction of older people to modern art, which will improve the quality of life and help their cultural development.

Keywords

information and communication technologies, social work with elderly people, quality of life, popularization of modern cultural values, educational work


Improving the effectiveness of adaptation regulation methods in the context of the digitalization of the economy
Prikhach A.Yu., Kuchugurnaya A. S.

Abstract

The article is devoted to methods of personnel adaptation management. We consider ways to improve the effectiveness of mentoring. Some methods of using information technologies in the process of adaptive regulation are highlighted.

Keywords

personnel adaptation, adaptation management, mentoring, mentoring motivation, mentoring effectiveness, information technologies in adaptation, digital economy


Comparative analysis of teledermatology tools as an element of e-health system
Terentyeva Yekaterina Vyacheslavovna, Terentyeva Nina Gennadyevna, Mukhamedyarova Dina Eduardovna

Abstract

Teledermatology as a medical service has its own history and is widely used abroad for the diagnosis and management of patients with skin diseases. In Russia, it is rarely used, but its use is possible and necessary, so we conducted a comparative analysis of the cost and technical characteristics of video and photographic equipment for possible use in the conditions of teledermatology.

Keywords

teledermatology, services, technical support, economic costs, demand.


Development of a model of an interactive scheduling system at a university using user experience (for example, Kazan National Research Technological University)
Murtazina Gozel Yunusovna, Nurgaliyeva Anzhelika Alimovna

Abstract

Choosing a rational and effective algorithm for scheduling at a University is a major task that directly affects the effectiveness of the results obtained. For large universities, even after performing computer optimization using metaheuristic algorithms, there may be conflicts in the classroom Fund, teachers, and other important factors in scheduling. In this regard, we propose a solution using the distribution of services between employees of departments, faculties and dispatchers to achieve optimal results, using interactive and dialog communication, thereby achieving the reduction of conflicts and improving the business processes of the University.
In this article, we developed a model of an interactive scheduling system, designed a database model and a graphical representation of its operation.

Keywords

interactive system, University, scheduling, business processes, model, database, design, university scheduling, user experience, user interface, interface, UI.


The project of a system of authentication and identification of a person based on biometric data of the Smart City
Khozhanazarova Nelly Borisovna, Safyanova Eliza Maratovna, Khutorova Natalya Aleksandrovna, Gaponenko Nikolay Nikolaevich

Abstract

The presented concept of the Project considers the safety and security of personal data on the basis of individual parameters inherent in each person, as measures to protect the individual, society and the state from cyber threats, as part of the implementation of the Smart City project in the Moscow region. The features and innovations of future transformations of the economic system are determined taking into account the processes of informatization and robotization.

Keywords

project management, sustainable economic growth, municipal management, Smart City, territorial development, digitalization, cyberthreats, security, technology, innovative development.


Website of a hotel company as a tool for transmitting brand values and attracting the target audience
Ilyina Elena Lvovna, Latkin Aleksandr Nikolayevich, Sergeyeva Veronika Sergeyevna, Sheveleva Lolita Alekseyevna

Abstract

The article explores the need to develop a website for hotel enterprises in modern market conditions, reveals the role of a hotel website as a tool to increase the competitiveness of hotel enterprises. The authors determined the multitasking vector of hotel websites and conducted a comparative analysis of the sites of two high-class hotel enterprises operating in the Moscow hospitality market. It is concluded that a well-designed and organized website can become a significant competitive advantage for any hotel company.

Keywords

website, hotel business, hotel business competitiveness, brand value, target audience, Moscow hospitality market


Improving the mechanism for implementing social support for families with children through the social security system and social services
Mukhametov Damir Almazovich, Smolkin Valeriy Petrovich

Abstract

The article considers the concept of a family from various points of view. It has been established that the mechanism for implementing social support for families with children is expressed through a system of social security and social services. The results of the analysis of the All-Russian (VTsIOM, Rosstat) and our research are presented. It was revealed that in our country, in many ways, social support for families with children is provided in the form of financial support: benefits, monthly payments, compensation, material assistance, etc. Social support is largely aimed at stimulating the birth of a child, not taking into account its development and upbringing. The short-term nature of payments does not contribute to the eradication of child poverty and exacerbates the economic recession in our country. In order to improve the mechanism for the implementation of social support for families with children, it is proposed to introduce a new measure of social support in the form of a monthly payment to reimburse the cost of childcare services for a child up to three years of age “social nanny”.

Keywords

social support, families with children, state, social payments, material assistance, social work


Designing a remote laboratory to conduct laboratory experiments for schools
Turishchev Inver Vadimovich, Kiselev Nikita Vladimirovich

Abstract

The aim of the work was to design a remote laboratory system that would provide laboratory experiments for schools in need of this. To implement the project, the following tasks were set: to analyze the feasibility of automating experiments and determining the material base; conduct a domain analysis to identify the functional requirements for the application being developed; Define development tools for the application. As a result of the implementation of the remote laboratory system, it is planned to solve the following problems: lack of laboratory equipment, lack of the ability to conduct complex experiments in physics, chemistry and biology.

Keywords

remote laboratory, risks of developing a remote laboratory, laboratory equipment, automation of experiments, laboratory experiments for schools


Public-Private Partnership Projects as a Factor in Sustainable Development of the Tourism Industry
Yuryeva Tatyana Vladimirovna

Abstract

Overcoming the crisis situation that has arisen in the tourist industry as a result of a pandemic, the following sustainable development in the post-crisis period, require additional investments and innovation, optimization of a risk management. One of the tools to solve this problem is the more active initiation of the public-private partnership (PPP) and municipal-private partnership (MPP) projects in the tourism industry. The specifics of the tourist industry, particularly creating demand determine the need for further study of the mechanism of implementation of PPP / MPP projects in this sector under constant changes. The basic trends in the development of the tourist industry, and its role as a catalyst for overcoming the crisis, sustainable growth, innovation and entrepreneurship is shown.
The essence of PPP /MPP projects, the prerequisites for their initiation, organizational forms, the advantages and disadvantages of PPP / MPP projects are formulated. The practice of implementation PPP /MPP projects in the tourism industry in the Russian economy is analyzed. It concluded that their effectiveness mainly depends on the optimal use of resources, effective risk management system, trust relationships between public and private partners, a healthy competition among stakeholders, and an effective legal framework.

Keywords

tourism industry, project management, public-private partnership projects.


Planning for an exhibition project on theater culture
Sayapina Larisa Yuryevna, Kononenko L.Yu.

Abstract

The article briefly describes the main stages of preparation of the project for organizing the exhibition and the types of activities that need to be planned for each stage. Planning an exhibition project allows future students to learn all types of preparatory and organizational work, gain experience in the activities of the project manager and form professional competencies.

Keywords

planning of the exhibition project, stages of preparation of the exhibition project, Internet marketing, advertising products, scheduling


Introduction of intellectual accounting systems in retail electricity markets — legal implications for the population
Bestuzhevа Elena Vladimirovna, Kalinskaia Yana Igorevna, Skorykh Daria Mihajlovna, Surnov Sergey Grigorjevich, Surnov Sergey Ivanovich

Abstract

The article analyzes the regulatory impact of Federal Law No. 522 of December 27, 2018, which prescribes the creation of intelligent electric energy metering systems. It is shown that the law leads to a violation of the fundamental principle of the functioning of the electric power industry, which provides for a legislative ban on combining electric power transmission activities with its sale and purchase activities, as well as to monopolization of electric power and electricity meters in the retail markets, and the growth of corruption opportunities. It is concluded that the financial burden of creating and operating intelligent systems is unreasonably placed on the population. The privacy issue of the data collected by the intelligent system has been completely ignored. The application of the law will have the most negative consequences. Measures have been proposed to prevent these consequences.

Keywords

retail electric energy market, intelligent metering systems, intelligent electric energy meter, Smart grid.


Prospects for the implementation of the national project «Culture» in the city of Sevastopol
Korolkova Natalya Yuryevna, Botnar Mikhail Ivanovich

Abstract

In this article, the authors present the main prospects for the implementation of the regional component of the national project «Culture» on the territory of the Federal city of Sevastopol. Ways to solve the tasks set by the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin in the framework of socio-cultural development of the country.

Keywords

regional component of the national project «Culture» in Sevastopol, Federal project, promising development of touring activities in the region.


Human resource management and enterprise personnel management: relationship and differences
Flek Mikhail Bensionovich, Ugnich Yekaterina Aleksandrovna

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to study the content of the enterprise’s human resource management system, its features and relationship with the enterprise’s personnel management system. The specifics of approaches to personnel management and human resources management are revealed. It is shown that the enterprise’s human resources management system is more complex, strategically significant and includes a personnel management system. The obtained research results can be useful for the practical activities of the enterprise.

Keywords

human resources, enterprise personnel, labor resources, human capital, enterprise human resources management, enterprise personnel management, personnel policy effectiveness


Features of assessing the products competitiveness of the enterprises of the Federal penal service in the Russian Federation
Liman Irina Aleksandrovna

Abstract

The presence of a competitive advantage allows the organization to occupy its niche in the market and carry out activities with the maximum possible economic benefit. The enterprises of the penal-executive system, like any other modern domestic companies, operate in a market economy, so many different factors are used to assess their performance and competitiveness, which are included in the system of indicators of competitiveness of these enterprises. The article is devoted to the analysis of the peculiarities of taking into account factors and methods of assessing the competitiveness of the organizations of the Federal Service for the Execution of Punishments of the Russian Federation.

Keywords

competitiveness, assessment of the competitiveness of organizations of the Federal Penitentiary Service, selection of competitive commodity samples, market analysis.


Modeling structural dynamics in macroeconomic analysis
Toroptsev Evgeny Lvovich, Marakhovsky Alexander Sergeevich

Abstract

This article explores the computing capability of competitive models of structural dynamics in macroeconomics. These models are formalized by systems of ordinary differential equations or their differential analogues with a discretization step of the calculated range of 1 year. Both models represent a dynamic input-output balance. Theoretically, these models are always considered equal when used in the numerical analysis of transients. Two research objectives have been achieved. Firstly, the advantage has been proved for differential equations regarding to the accuracy of the forecast obtained. Secondly, the fundamental limitations of differential analogues are shown in solving many problems concerning sustainability, economic dynamics, economic growth and their management based on the calculating indicators of the own, that is, internal, dynamic properties of the economy as a system. Such properties are calculated for dynamic input-output balances mathematically real-closed by consumption. The discussed models can be applied in macroeconomic analysis either independently or as part of larger computing systems represented by equilibrium or other agent-based models.

Keywords

Modeling, structural dynamics, input-output balance, differential equations, calculation errors, economic growth


Theoretical and methodological approaches to the formation and development of the concept of lean production at a machine-building enterprise
Tashkinov Aleksey Grigoryevich

Abstract

The article discusses theoretical and methodological approaches to the formation and development of the concept of lean production at a machine-building enterprise. A historical excursion to the development of the concept was carried out. The author proposes a classification of production losses in relation to the specifics of the work of a machine-building enterprise. The main tools aimed at identifying and reducing losses are presented. The main provisions of the considered concept, its role in ensuring the efficiency of high-tech machine-building enterprises are summarized.

Keywords

machine building enterprise, lean manufacturing concept, production and economic system.


Implementation of the principles of cameralism in the Russian system of government during the Peter the Great reforms of the first quarter of the XVIII century
Sychev Vladislav Vitalyevich

Abstract

In this article, the author focuses on the study of the practical implementation of European ideas of cameralism in Russia during the reign of Peter the Great. This study examines the key provisions of cameralism, common in the German principalities at the turn of the XVII-XVIII centuries, and compares them with the «original ideological cameralism» of the Russian thinker I.T. Pososhkov. Based on the results of the analysis of the collegial and judicial reforms of Peter the Great, the author concludes about the distinctive features of embedding European ideas of cameralism in the Russian management system of the 1st quarter of the XVIII century.

Keywords

Cameralism, mercantilism, the system of bureaucratic management, collegial reform, judicial reform, «Peter’s cameralism».


Blitz-monitoring the state of the enterprise
Yekaterinoslavskiy Yuriy Yudkovich

Abstract

The article offers a simple way to inform managers about the issues that arise at the enterprise. The manager will have an opportunity to get automatic alerts listing areas of the enterprise that need his/her intervention on a mobile phone at any time. This is achieved by comparing the key indicators to their normal range. The current values of the indicators are submitted to the manager’s mobile phone by the relevant staff of the enterprise using a simple application. At a negative deviation of any current indicator on the manager’s mobile phone an ALARM signal is activated. Depending on the content and importance of the indicator, several modes of notifying the manager of problems are established: daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, annual, on demand.

Keywords

functional structure of the enterprise; general and functional indicators; diagnostic indicators


Social and state development model children’s movement: experience of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
Okhlopkov Gennadiy Ivanovich

Abstract

This article describes the stages of the formation and development of children’s movement of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), provides a detailed analysis of the mechanisms for creating organizational and pedagogical conditions for successful functioning of children’s public associations, shows the experience of the region in designing a system of social and pedagogical support for the activities of children’s public associations, provides a state-public model rationale for the development of children’s movement. Official documents, including regulatory legal acts, which developed and proposed by children’s public associations, supported and adopted by the state authorities of Yakutia, are they have a great importance for pedagogical science and for the practical activities of educational organizations, institutions of additional education, department of educational authorities.

Keywords

children’s public association/movement, socialization of personality, interaction of social institutions, public-state model, upbringing of the younger generation, state support.


Development of Ownership Risk Management Systems as the Basis for Ensuring the Economic Sustainability of Russian Organizations in a Pandemic
Khachaturyan Mikhail Vladimirovich, Klicheva Yevgeniya Valeryevna

Abstract

Ownership risk management in the context of ensuring sustainable economic development implies the need to create and maintain the integration of environmental, socio-economic and corporate mechanisms for identifying, analyzing and assessing risk factors in the corporate management systems of an organization. This article presents an integrative conceptual framework for managing sustainable development ownership risks in Russian organizations. The development of this integrative structure is carried out by complementing the existing organization’s risk management system with mechanisms for identifying, analyzing and assessing ownership risks. This paper proposes a concept of ensuring economic sustainability based on owner risk management as a special management and organizational mechanism that allows integrating corporate goals with the processes of creating economic and financial value for the owner and maintaining his environmental and social responsibility to society.

Keywords

management, ownership risks, economic sustainability, organizations


The use of effective digital technologies for teaching economic disciplines in vocational education
Samigullina Guzel Rayanovna

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to analyze the features of the use of effective digital technologies for teaching economic disciplines in vocational education. Achievement of this goal made it necessary to formulate and solve the following tasks: to consider the essence of effective digital technologies for teaching economic disciplines in vocational education, to identify the role and importance of effective digital technologies in the educational process in vocational education; to study the practice of applying effective digital technologies in the discipline «Accounting», to develop proposals and recommendations for the methodological improvement of the use of effective digital technologies in teaching economic disciplines in vocational education. The object of the research is the social relations that develop in the process of using effective digital technologies for teaching economic disciplines in vocational education. The subject of the research is effective digital technologies for teaching economic disciplines in vocational education. Research methods: literature study, generalization, logical, questionnaire survey, comparative and other research methods.

Keywords

digital learning technologies, professional education, professional activities of graduates of economic universities and colleges, effective learning technologies


Application of deep neural networks for identification of alphanumeric information from baggage tags at airport
Ivliyev Yevgeniy Andreyevich, Obukhov Pavel Serafimovich

Abstract

The article is devoted to the development and analysis of methods of identifying dynamic objects. A neural network with the architecture of SSD InceptionV2 has been developed to solve the problem of detecting luggage tags and barcodes. Several approaches are considered to solve the problem of identifying digital-letter information: Tesseract, SSD InceptionV2, OpenCV and a fully connected neural network. The operability of the methods on real images has been tested.

Keywords

computer vision, neural network, barcode, IATA airport code, TensorFlow, OpenCV, Python.


Formation of students’ competencies through corporate interaction with the teaching staff in the context of digitalization of distance education
Mansurova Anna Sergeyevna, Gaysina Yelena Fakhargaleyevna

Abstract

Digitalization of the education system contributes to the development of students’ competencies, however, there is a controversial issue about the possibility of forming the competencies of high-level students in the context of distance education through interaction with the teaching staff using various information technologies. The process of introducing distance learning resources for the indirect interaction of teachers with students is proceeding at high speed under the influence of the forced transition of training to a distance format. The level of competencies formed in the conditions of distance learning and the quality of the services provided by the educational organization depend on the satisfaction of the students of the BRS, teaching methods and strategies, and the digitalization of the educational process. Educational services provided by universities must meet certain requirements: federal state educational standards, information on the timing and forms of educational activities must be available, it is necessary to provide methodological assistance to students and teachers when introducing new information resources, the teaching strategy and teacher’s attitude must help increase motivation students to obtain the necessary competencies. The level of formation of students’ competencies depends on the methods by which they are formed. The teacher must understand perfectly what it is necessary to teach future specialists and how best to organize the educational process for the full formation of all types of competencies mentioned in the federal state educational standard. The technology and teaching strategy should be aimed at optimizing the educational process, which involves achieving educational goals with a minimum expenditure of the efforts of the teaching staff and the student against the background of improving the quality of teaching and reducing time costs. The role of an optimizing factor is assumed by the digitalization of education. Thus, the ways to improve the quality of competencies lie in improving all levels of teaching: both practical, theoretical, and practical-pedagogical, mainly related to expanding the possibilities for the formation of professional competencies in the context of digitalization.

Keywords

formation of professional competencies, student competencies, faculty, digitalization of distance education, distance educational resources


Digitalization of tax administration and control and analytical work of tax authorities in modern conditions
Kagalovsky Darya Vladimirovna

Abstract

Arguments are presented that justify the need to improve tax administration in Russia. Recommendations for improving tax administration are given. The goals of tax administration, both generalized and specific types of tax control, are considered and systematized. The method of tax improvement of tax administration of taxpayers represented by the tax authority is discussed.

Keywords

on-site tax audits, analysis of prospective audit planning, tax risks, effectiveness of pre-verification analysis, structure of on-site tax audits, tax administration, tax control, tax audit, tax control measures, digitalization.


Evaluation of the effectiveness of large-scale infrastructure network projects
Mironova I.A., Tishchenko T.I.

Abstract

The article proposes an unconventional model for assessing the public efficiency of a large-scale infrastructure project, which is inherent in the current stage of development of the Russian economy and is aimed at maximizing investor capital growth at the end of the billing period, taking into account the scenarios for the effective use (reinvestment) of capital generated from the profit received from the project, and lost profits.

Keywords

large-scale infrastructure project, real accrued income, external effect, evaluation of the effectiveness of an investment project


The problem of optimal inequality
Sukharev Mikhail Valentinovich

Abstract

The article provides an overview of modern publications on the problem of social inequality. On the one hand, social equality (especially in post-socialist countries) is perceived as a desirable ideal. On the other hand, everyone understands that people are unequal both by nature (genetically) and by their activity, and they need incentives to work. But how great should this inequality be? History teaches that many societies have been destroyed by social tensions caused by too much inequality. Consequently (and ancient thinkers agreed with this), there is a certain level of inequality that is optimal for the life of society. The problem is to establish this level. But for this you need, firstly, to learn how to measure it and, secondly, using this measure, explore enough different communities to understand what level of inequality is optimal. The third important condition is to accept the correct criterion of optimality; today it is the rate of economic growth (because the advantage in the rate of growth makes the community richer than others in a historically short time). Modern economics is in a unique situation: never in history has there been such accurate information about inequality and the economic situation in so many countries and regions. An analytical review of the existing literature is the first step towards solving the optimal inequality problem.

Keywords

social inequality, economic development, social institutions, modeling, human capital.


Problems of protecting the rights of bona fide creditors in bankruptcy of the debtor
Krasnoglazov Andrey Yurievich, Bronzova Lyudmila Ivanovna

Abstract

On the basis of the analysis of the current legislation the article determines the legal status of bankruptcy creditors and highlights the problems of protecting the rights of bona fide creditors in the event of a debtor’s bankruptcy, in particular, when creating artificial debt. It is noted that the legislation does not contain any provisions according to which the satisfaction of claims for civil obligations of creditors related to the debtor would be lowered in the order of satisfaction of creditors ‘ claims. The authors also highlight the circumstances that may indicate the fictitious conclusion of a transaction between the debtor and an unscrupulous creditor. It is concluded that although modern legislation and existing judicial practice protect the interests of bona fide bankruptcy creditors whose claims are justified in relation to the debtor, this mechanism is rather poorly developed, since the creditor does not have the necessary information about the disputed transaction.

Keywords

bona fide creditor, debtor, debt, bankruptcy creditors, insolvency (bankruptcy), register of claims.


Econometric analysis of the gross regional product of the Far Eastern Federal District
Bravok Polina Sergeyevna, Pynko Lyusyena Yevgenyevna

Abstract

Within the framework of the presented work, the author has made an attempt to apply econometric analysis to predict the GRP of the Far Eastern Federal District. A factorial model of the GRP of the Far Eastern Federal District was built, the influence of each variable on the dynamics of the GRP was estimated. Comparative analysis of forecasts of time series models and panel data models is carried out. The results can be used to further improve measures of state support for the Far Eastern regions.

Keywords

Far Eastern Federal District. analysis of panel data, dynamics of economic indicators of the region


Quality management of meat products
Voytenko Olga Sergeevna

Abstract

The article presents the results of studies that were obtained when studying some indicators, namely the mass fraction of moisture and energy value of processed pork products and when using milk of vegetable origin. The experiments were conducted in 2019-2020. There is a tendency to increase sales of meat and its products by an average of 6.3%. The meat industry now has more than 700 items. Of these, 64% is cooked sausage and about 25% is smoked, boiled-smoked and dried sausage. To achieve high-quality sausage manufacturers use only high-quality raw materials and to reduce its cost, add protein ingredients of plant and animal origin. And in order to increase the duration of storage and improve the appearance, non-meat components are added-preservatives, flavor additives, emulsifiers. The purpose of this work was to apply plant-based milk in the production technology of pig processing products. To achieve this goal, the following tasks were set: to develop a technology for the production of a pork processing product — sausage with the addition of vegetable milk, to determine the mass fraction and energy value of the finished product. The object of the study was smoked sausage with the addition of milk of vegetable origin. As a result of studying the effect of vegetable milk on the percentage of moisture in the finished product, it was found that the mass fraction of moisture varied in the experimental samples and amounted to 41.4%, 48.8% and 62.9%, therefore, it was within the framework of GOST R 55455-2013. Indicators of the energy value of the best sample No. 1 were as follows: EC=346.92 kcal.

Keywords

quality management, finished product quality, organoleptic characteristics.


On the issue of improving the quality of products of the processing meat industry
Voitenko Lyubov Gennadievna

Abstract

The article presents the results of the development and quality management of products in the meat processing industry. The development and management of product quality was carried out at the «Don State Agrarian University» in 2019-2020. The enterprises of the meat industry produce numerous and varied products, and in addition to a wide range of food products, they also manufacture technical products, medical preparations and products from horn and bone, and of course chopped semi-finished products, where the main raw material for chopped semi-finished products is cutlet meat, which can be replaced with trimmed meat. Meat and meat products are the most nutritious and most demanded food products, as they supply the human body with proteins necessary for its functioning. The aim of our work was to develop products for the meat processing industry. To achieve this goal, the following tasks were identified: to study the organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics of finished meat products. As a result of research, it was revealed that the phytobiotic, when added to the product, improves organoleptic characteristics: appearance, color, taste, smell (aroma), consistency, juiciness, chemical physicochemical indicators, we have chosen. Analyzing the results of the organoleptic indicators of the finished product of the prototypes using the phytobiotic N, we have revealed a significant superiority of the prototypes. As a result of studying the effect of the phytobiotic N on chemical, physicochemical and organoleptic indicators, we found that when seaweed was added, a decrease in chemical indicators was observed in all samples, but were within the norm. As a result of adding phytobiotic kelp to chopped semi-finished products, we got a profitability of 20%.

Keywords

quality management, new product development, meat processing industry, improving product quality.


Quality control of production of baked sausages with phytobiotics
Voitenko Lyubov Gennadievna

Abstract

The article presents the results of studies of organoleptic and physicochemical parameters of baked sausage. The quality control of the production of baked sausage with phytobiotics was carried out at the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Don State Agrarian University» in 2018-2020). An important role in human nutrition is attributed to proteins and fats of animal origin, which a person needs to consume at least 2500 kcal per day. If you eat 100 grams of pork, then almost 36% of the daily dose of zinc will be received by the human body. It is a very important component that supports and restores the immune system. The purpose of our work was to manage the quality of the production of baked sausages with phytobiotics. To achieve this goal, the following tasks were identified: to study the organoleptic and physico-chemical characteristics of sausage baked with phytobiotics. As a result of research, it was found that the addition of a phytobiotic to the recipe improves the taste and aroma of the finished product. The best taste can be explained by the fact that after adding the phytobiotic to the product, the taste changes, which is very specific, but upon further heat treatment, the entire bouquet of taste is revealed. When the meat is aged for further processing, processes occur: an increase in tenderness, the hydrophilicity of proteins increases. As a result of the study of physical and chemical indicators, we received the following analysis results, the total moisture of the experimental and control samples was 31.72%, 31.03%, and after the third drying, the mass was 39.75%. Protein is calculated empirically, adding up the indicators obtained during the study of the product of fat, moisture, ash, and it was 20.37%.

Keywords

quality management, production quality management, physical and chemical indicators, organoleptic analysis of food.


Theory of generations in marketing management: a retrospective discoursive aspect of the problem
Yeskov Vyacheslav Dmitrievich, Arkhipov Anatoly Evgenievich

Abstract

The article attempts to identify strategic and tactical decisions in the field of marketing management in order to form a unique selling proposition for consumers of the XXI century. Research into the theory of generations has made it possible to identify the essential characteristics of new consumer strata. Shortening the life cycle of innovations imposes new restrictions, but also provides new opportunities for the formation of an effective model of interaction «company — consumer».

Keywords

theory of generations, marketing management, economic globalization, consumer behavior


Features of open API interfaces for the Russian regional financial market
Martyukova Vera Mikhailovna, Ermakova Marina Nikolayevna

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to study the possibilities of open APIs in the banking sector, the stage of their development and prospects for their application in the regions of Russia. The object of research is the Open API, its key features, and the necessary conditions for their development in the Federal districts of the Russian Federation. The subject of the research is the advantages and risks of using open banking APIs for FINTECH companies, banks and their clients in the conditions of digitalization of Federal districts. Methodology. The article uses methods of retrospection, analysis, comparison, graphical and statistical research. Result. The result of the research is a characteristic of open APIs, their key capabilities and prospects for use in the domestic financial market for making effective management decisions related to the formation of a single financial and economic space in Russia. Conclusion. Open APIs that allow information to be received and transmitted between information systems of various organizations using standard data exchange protocols can become an important tool for integrating the Russian market, including regional financial structures, into the global financial system.

Keywords

open interfaces, Open API, fintech, banking system, financial market, Open Banking.


Credit risk control for small businesses based on the theory of incentives and restrictions
Krioni Olga Valeryevna, Abdullina Yulia Firdausovna

Abstract

This article analyzes the relevant theories of incentives and constraints based on the use of an instrument to mitigate credit risk, including collateral, guarantees, offsetting, and credit derivatives. Relevant incentive and constraint theories include principal-agent theory, mechanism design theory, and incentive theory. Incentive restrictions in small business loans are categorized into pre-loan pre-signal check and post-loan moral hazard suppression. The use of these mitigation tools can not only effectively reduce or transfer the credit risk incurred by banks, but also reduce the capital employed in calculating regulatory economic capital.

Keywords

commercial banks, small business, credit risk, incentives and constraints theory, principal-agent theory, mechanism design theory.


XBRL as a new format for digital reporting of economic agents
Khalitova Albina Zakaryanovna, Rastegayeva Faniya Saitovna

Abstract

The presented scientific article raises the problem of transforming accounting (financial) statements into a qualitatively new digital format XBRL. The relevance of the problem under consideration is due to several factors at once: the rapidly changing needs of internal and external users of reporting, the trend towards unification of accounting standards, digitalization and globalization of the modern economy. The essence of the concept of the digital reporting format XBRL and the process of transition to this format are considered. The main advantages of integrating the XBRL format into accounting practice and reporting analysis practice for its users are revealed. An overview of the constraints in the transition to XBRL-format for both compilers and users of reporting is made. An assessment of the effectiveness and justification of the introduction of the digital XBRL format for different categories of economic entities, as well as the prospects for its implementation in the realities of the Russian economy is presented.

Keywords

XBRL format, accounting (financial) reporting, transformation of accounting (financial) statements, digitalization.


Theoretical and methodological aspects of assessing the possibilities of exporting agricultural products on the basis of a systematic approach to society
Chistyakov Yurii Fedorovich

Abstract

The article deals with a number of issues related to the formation of a methodology for assessing the possibilities of developing the export of agricultural products. The long-term trends of changes in the volume and structure of Russian exports and imports of agricultural raw materials and food in various socio-economic and political conditions are shown. Based on the consideration of various research approaches to the study of the structure of society, the position is advanced that there are three global social fields in society, which partially coincide with the division of society into economy, politics and ideology (or/and culture). Based on this research paradigm, the General structure of the system assessment of food export opportunities of different types of societies and States in different socio-economic and political conditions has been developed.

Keywords

Foreign trade, food foreign trade, agricultural export, agricultural import, agricultural sector, society, system approach, assessment methodology, social fields.


Problems of regulating the turnover of agricultural land
Antans Maria Vladimirovna

Abstract

Formulation of the problem. Involvement in the turnover of unused agricultural land in the Russian Federation today is a problem that needs to be addressed. Priority in the use of agricultural lands, they include arable land, hayfields, pastures, fallow lands, lands occupied by perennial plantations, they are subject to special protection. In practice, we have a large number of abandoned, unused lands that require not only reclamation and restoration, but also additional legal regulation. In this article, we consider the main problems of regulating the turnover of agricultural land. The purpose of the study is an all-sided consideration of the problem of circulation of agricultural land in the Russian Federation. Identification of problems associated with the involvement in the circulation of such lands. Simplification of the legal procedure for the return to circulation of lands that are in shared ownership, unclaimed shares and abandoned lands.

Keywords

regulation of the turnover of agricultural land, the scope of land relations, procedures for the return of land to circulation, state and municipal control over the use of agricultural land


Systematization of factors of energy efficiency of an industrial enterprise at the present stage of development of the Russian economy
Kirshina Irina Arturovna

Abstract

On the basis of the study, the need to systematize the energy efficiency factors that affect the consumption of fuel and energy resources of industrial enterprises has been identified. An analysis of the work of domestic scientists and specialists in the field of determining and classifying the factors of energy efficiency of industrial enterprises was carried out. The factors and conditions affecting the energy efficiency of natural gas consumption by industrial enterprises are considered and grouped. The interrelations of the components of the classification of factors are determined, and the key prerequisites for increasing energy efficiency and increasing the energy efficiency of industrial enterprises are identified.

Keywords

energy efficiency, industrial enterprises, energy efficiency of an industrial enterprise, classification of factors of energy efficiency of industrial enterprises, fuel and energy resources


Ensuring the competitiveness of a primary care medical organization: telemedicine service
Davydovich A.R., Shmeleva T.V., Kresova N.S.

Abstract

The article considers the impact of telemedicine services on ensuring the competitiveness of a primary care medical organization; the benefits from the introduction of telemedicine services for patients and medical organizations are indicated; analyzed the volume of the market of telemedicine services in the world and Russia; the directions of state policy in the field of telemedicine are presented; the positive impact of telemedicine services on ensuring the competitive advantages of a primary care medical organization is noted.

Keywords

competitiveness, primary care medical organizations, competitiveness of a medical organization, telemedicine service, competitive advantages; healthcare, digital transformation of healthcare


Methods of reengineering of enterprise business processes in the context of digitalization
Styuflaeva Evgenia Vladislavovna

Abstract

The article is aimed at conducting a study and critical analysis of existing methods applicable at various stages of the business process reengineering procedure, a review of modern methods in this area. Methodology of the work: the study was carried out on the basis of an analysis and comparison of existing methods of business process reengineering. Work results. In the course of the work, the main stages of business process reengineering were identified, various methods were analyzed, the impact of digitalization on the application of these methods and the emergence of new ones was revealed. Scope of the results. The results of this study can be used by managers of enterprises in various industries in the process of reengineering activities to select the most appropriate methods that meet the capabilities and needs of the company, as well as by experts and researchers, including those in the field of logistics and supply chain management to improve the efficiency of logistics processes. Conclusions. As a result of the analysis of the methods of business process reengineering known to modern science, it was concluded that the currently existing traditional methods can be used by specialists at various stages of preparation and transformation, but are inferior in their functionality and labor costs to modern methods, the widespread use of which has become possible since spread of computer technology. Enterprise business process reengineering is a large-scale process, the complexity of which increases with the increase in the scale of the system being optimized, however, analysts still play a huge role in this process.

Keywords

business process reengineering, simulation modeling, business process modeling, digitalization, business process reengineering methods


Procedural Aspects of a Risk Management Strategy
Artyomova Anastasia Yurievna

Abstract

The article presents the risk management process as a set of stages — various mechanisms. They, in turn, constitute a system of procedures for implementing the risk management strategy. The structure of the mechanisms presented in stages, such as: the actual definition of the risk mechanism, the risk analysis mechanism, the risk response mechanism, risk monitoring and management, is analyzed.

Keywords

risk, risk management, management strategy, risk management mechanism, risk management.


Branding of children’s tourism as an innovative component of the sustainable development of the destination
Ayrapetyan Venera Grachikovna

Abstract

There is a certain pattern and sequence between the brand of children’s tourism, which is recognized as an innovative component of the sustainable development of resort destinations offering children’s recreation in the Krasnodar Territory, and the level of their tourist attractiveness. The article gives suggestions for the development of children’s tourism destinations, presents the branding of children’s tourism as an innovative component of the sustainable development of the destination in the Krasnodar Territory.

Keywords

children’s tourism branding, tourism market, brand, children’s tourism, destination.


On the issue of organizing the management of the municipality
Mashunin Yury Konstantinovich, Mashunin Ivan Alexandrovich, Kirichek Andrey Igorevich

Abstract

The technique (management technologies) of the organization of management of the municipality is presented. An analysis of the development of the economy is carried out on the example of the Spassky municipal district (MR) and the execution of its revenue part of the budget. The results obtained are the basis for the development of the revenue and expenditure parts of the budget of the municipality. The authors see directions for further research in the development of more advanced software for the analysis of statistical data and its use in the practice of forecasting each municipality of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

Keywords

municipal formation, organization of management of a municipal formation, local self-government, levels of management of a municipal formation, process of management of a municipal formation